Updated Feb 12, 2018

The new defense budget: what you need to know

Aerial view of the Pentagon. Photo: Bill Clark / CQ Roll Call

The budget agreement finally reached by Congress last Friday provides around $700 billion for national defense in fiscal years 2018 and 2019, an allocation in line with President Trump's 2019 budget request, released by the OMB this morning.

Here's what you need to know about that spending:

  1. The defense budget is big, about the same size as the entire Swiss economy. It consumes over half of discretionary spending, though only about 16 percent of the total budget (including Social Security, Medicare and other programs). But the expenditure is not unreasonable: Not only is the U.S. military the finest fighting force in the world, with over 2 million men and women on active duty or in the National Guard or Reserves, it also has components that are basically a health care company, a global supply chain outfit, and a sizable retail operation.
  2. While it's true that the United States spends more on defense than the next eight countries combined, global leadership — and the benefits that accrue to the American people — does not come cheap. U.S. military might ensures that the other expressions of U.S. power (diplomatic, economic, social) operate from a position of strength. As China and Russia challenge this order by violating the territorial integrity of neighboring countries, meddling in foreign elections, and attempting to limit freedom of navigation, it's more important than ever to maintain our edge.
  3. The unpredictability in defense budgets, caused by erratic Congressional dealmaking, is harmful in and of itself. The new deal will bring some badly needed stability and a substantial funding increase, but even still it will not achieve the force structure growth the President promised on the campaign trail — nor should it, given the many other worthy and pressing priorities facing the federal government, and the expected decrease in federal revenue that will result from the recent tax cuts.

The bottom line: With good stewardship, these resources can ensure the U.S. has the military capability and readiness to underwrite global leadership.

Go deeper: More defense budget analysis from CNAS.

Susanna V. Blume, a former Pentagon staffer, is a fellow at the Center for a New American Security.

Go deeper

Updated 11 mins ago - Politics & Policy

CNN crew arrested live on air while reporting on Minneapolis protests

CNN's Omar Jimenez and his crew were arrested Friday by Minneapolis state police while reporting on the protests that followed the death of George Floyd, a black man who died in police custody in the city.

What happened: CNN anchors said Jimenez and his crew were arrested for not moving after being told to by police, though the live footage prior to their arrests clearly shows Jimenez talking calmly with police and offering to move wherever necessary.

First look: Trump courts Asian American vote amid coronavirus

Photo: Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images

The president's re-election campaign debuts its "Asian Americans for Trump" initiative in a virtual event tonight, courting a slice of the nation's electorate that has experienced a surge in racism and harassment since the pandemic began.

The big question: How receptive will Asian American voters be in this moment? Trump has stoked xenophobia by labeling COVID-19 the "Chinese virus" and the "Wuhan virus" and equating Chinatowns in American cities to China itself.

How the U.S. might distribute a coronavirus vaccine

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Now that there are glimmers of hope for a coronavirus vaccine, governments, NGOs and others are hashing out plans for how vaccines could be distributed once they are available — and deciding who will get them first.

Why it matters: Potential game-changer vaccines will be sought after by everyone from global powers to local providers. After securing supplies, part of America's plan is to tap into its military know-how to distribute those COVID-19 vaccines.