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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Uber is waging a battle against Los Angeles' transportation department over the city's new data-sharing requirements for scooter and bike rentals.

Why it matters: Uber is an unlikely champion of consumer privacy rights given its own missteps, but privacy experts say L.A.'s new standard could have a significant impact on urban transportation services, their users and what data cities can access.

Flashback: Last year, L.A.'s Department of Transportation introduced the "mobility data specification," or MDS, a data-sharing format it created that can be used by a city to collect and share information with companies operating services on its streets.

  • For example, MDS lets a city collect vehicle data from scooter and bike companies, while also sending them information like off-limit areas or street closures. The data can also help cities monitor traffic patterns and assess street needs.
  • A number of other cities, like Austin and D.C., have since adopted the open-sourced standard.

What they're saying: "In terms of the data required to fulfill [LADOT's] vision, it seems like a lot of data… and we don't quite understand what the city wants to accomplish," Uttara Sivaram, Uber's head of global privacy and security policy, tells Axios.

  • Uber also argues that L.A.'s standard violates California's Electronic Communications Privacy Act (CalECPA) by making location data sharing a requirement for an operating permit.
  • The California Legislative Counsel agreed with that argument in a non-binding opinion. LADOT disagrees, arguing that the law is aimed at law enforcement agencies, not regulators.

Uber has ramped up its pushback, specifically taking issue with the requirement to share real-time scooter trip data.

  • In August, Uber and Lyft (which also operates a fleet of scooters in L.A.) and sent a letter to California's attorney general, asking that his office take action to enforce CalECPA, but the companies have yet to hear back. The AG's office did not respond to a request for comment from Axios.
  • Uber general counsel Tony West also met with LADOT's general manager Seleta Reynolds in March, which resulted in the agency agreeing to a 24-hour delay in trip data being shared. However, Uber still has to send over location data for a trip's starting and ending point within five seconds, which it says is just as sensitive.

Between the lines: "Just looking at scooter data is too short sighted — this is a model for getting access to data for other transportation," Electronic Frontier Foundation staff attorney Jamie Williams told Axios earlier this year.

  • Scooters tend to be confined to certain areas in a city and riders usually walk a few feet to a few blocks to pick up the nearest one. And some experts say the GPS trackers aren't all that accurate, so it doesn't provide a very full picture of users' travel behavior.
  • But ride-hailing is a much more intimate transportation mode — passengers take it from their homes to work, to medical facilities, and so on. (Cities currently do not have legal authority to monitor ride-hailing trips.)
  • "With only a couple of points, you can learn a lot about people," said Kelsey Finch, senior policy counsel at Future of Privacy Forum.

Yes, but: Uber faces an uphill battle to prove the merits of its concerns given its bumpy history with customer privacy, which includes settlements last year with the FTC and all 50 states over not disclosing a 2016 data breach.

Uber also has a long history of not playing nice with cities seeking to regulate its services, like eschewing taxi rules in its earliest days and getting California's utilities regulator in 2013 to enshrine its services at the state level, curtailing cities' power to regulate them.

Where things stand: In October, LADOT revoked Uber’s operating permit after the company said it would not comply with the real-time trip data sharing requirement.

The big picture: Uber has ambitions to become the go-to transportation tool, even beginning to add public transit and other options into its app. so it's not surprising that it's pushing back on government moves that could throttle or compete with it.

Clarification: This story has been updated to reflect that Uber did not actually collect passengers' location data after their rides, despite rolling out an option in the app to do so.

Go deeper

2 hours ago - Health

India crosses 1 billion COVID vaccinations milestone

A health worker inoculates a COVID-19 vaccine dose to a man wearing a face mask of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Beawar, India, in September. Photo: Sumit Saraswat/Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images

India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Thursday that the country's health workers have now administered more than 1 billion COVID-19 vaccines doses.

Of note: While this is a significant milestone for the country of 1.4 billion, which has been devastated by the coronavirus, only about 30% of the eligible population has been fully vaccinated against the virus, per AP. Roughly 75% has received at least one dose.

Trump says he plans to launch new social media network in 2022

Photo: Chris Delmas/AFP via Getty Images

Former President Trump on Wednesday announced plans to launch a social media network called "Truth Social," and that it would go public via a SPAC.

Why it matters: Most ex-presidents are focused on their legacies, by creating presidential libraries or engaging in philanthropic endeavors. Trump, however, remains consumed by social media.

Beauty giant Coty Cosmetics looking to sell its own branded products

Coty Cosmetics CEO Sue Nabi. Photo: Axios on HBO

Coty Cosmetics CEO Sue Nabi tells Axios the beauty giant will “probably” introduce Coty-branded products one day.

Why it matters: Coty produces some of the world’s most popular fragrances, skin care products and color cosmetics on behalf of other well-known brands, but has shied away from producing its own branded products.