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President Trump. Photo: Win McNamee/Getty Images

President Trump announced on Friday that the U.S. would be fundamentally changing longstanding policies toward Hong Kong as a result of Chinese encroachment on the city's autonomy.

Why it matters: Trump said he would be effectively ending the special trade status that has allowed Hong Kong to flourish as a gateway to the Chinese market. That leaves an uncertain future for businesses that operate in Hong Kong, not to mention the city's 7 million residents, and could be met with reprisals from Beijing.

More from Trump's remarks:

  • The president said the U.S. would be "terminating our relationship with the World Health Organization" because it had become entirely beholden to China. He said funds the U.S. would have contributed to the global health body will be redirected to other public health initiatives.
  • Trump declared that China had "continually violated its promises to us and so many other nations" through unfair trade practices, industrial espionage and other violations.
  • He did not refer to the "phase one" trade deal with China, signed in January, which at least nominally remains in place.
  • Trump left the Rose Garden without taking questions on the events in Minneapolis.

On Hong Kong, Trump said the U.S. would immediately begin dismantling the numerous agreements and guidelines that have comprised Hong Kong's special status, including:

  • Ending the U.S.-Hong Kong extradition treaty.
  • Changing the State Department's travel advisory on Hong Kong to reflect the dangers posed by China's security apparatus.
  • Applying the same U.S. export controls to Hong Kong that are currently applied to China.
  • Trump also said the U.S. would levy sanctions on the Chinese and Hong Kong government officials deemed responsible for eroding Hong Kong's autonomy and political freedoms.

Background: The announcement comes after Beijing's rubber-stamp parliament voted to move ahead with a security law that could sharply curtail the autonomy Hong Kong has enjoyed since being returned to China from the U.K. in 1997.

  • Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam contends that the freedoms of the press, assembly and speech — long protected in Hong Kong but unthinkable in mainland China — will be maintained after the law is enacted.
  • But she also warned that the law was necessary to protect China's "sovereignty, security and development interests," which were damaged by the large and occasionally violent protests that swept through the city last year.
  • Pro-democracy activists say the law is part of an effort to render Hong Kong just another Chinese city, subject to China's far less transparent and often brutal legal and political systems.

What to watch: Hong Kong has long served as a gateway for global businesses to access China, an arrangement that allowed both China and western companies to reap economic dividends.

  • But that arrangement is far less important to China's economy than it was back in 1997, when Hong Kong accounted for nearly one-fifth of China's GDP.
  • Trump may have effectively ended it on Friday, but some of the details are yet to be announced.

Go deeper

Updated Oct 7, 2020 - Health

World coronavirus updates

Expand chart
Data: The Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins; Map: Axios Visuals

New Zealand now has active no coronavirus cases in the community after the final six people linked to the Auckland cluster recovered, the country's Health Ministry confirmed in an email Wednesday.

The big picture: The country's second outbreak won't officially be declared closed until there have been "no new cases for two incubation periods," the ministry said. Auckland will join the rest of NZ in enjoying no domestic restrictions from late Wednesday, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said, declaring that NZ had "beat the virus again."

Biden confronts mounting humanitarian crisis at the border

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios. Photo: Pool/Getty Images     

Just over a month into his presidency, President Biden is staring down a mounting crisis at the border that could be just as bad as the ones faced by Barack Obama and Donald Trump, if not worse.

Why it matters: Immigration is an issue that can consume a presidency. It's intensely and poisonously partisan. It's complicated. And the lives and welfare of vulnerable children hang in the balance.

Erica Pandey, author of @Work
53 mins ago - Economy & Business

The rise of vaccine passports

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Vaccine passports were touted early in the pandemic as an important piece of the plan to get people back to normal life. Now they’re becoming a reality.

Driving the news: CLEAR, the secure digital identity app that you see in airports around the world, and CommonPass, a health app that lets users securely access vaccination records and COVID test results, have joined forces.