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Rohingya Muslim women stand in a line to register as refugees at a Bangladeshi camp. Photo: Dar Yasin / AP

Nearly 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled persecution in Myanmar and crossed via land or sea into Bangladesh during the most recent exodus, joining the 300,000 Rohingya people already living in Bangladeshi refugee camps.

The bottom line: Bangladesh is unable to handle the volume of refugees, and the living conditions at camps are worsening. But the humanitarian response to the crisis has been slow, and the flow of refugees into Bangladesh shows no signs of stopping.

The state of the crisis:

  • Over the past 7 weeks, 600,000 Rohingya muslims have crossed into Bangladesh and "thousands still enter on a daily basis," Shameem Ahsan, the country's UN envoy, said at a Geneva conference.
  • During the journey, many refugees — primarily children — die from exhaustion or drowning when poorly built rafts capsize in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The refugees live on a 100 kilometer strip of land in the most underdeveloped part of Bangladesh, near the coast, the Economist reports.
  • The UN has pledged $340 million in aid for the refugees and called Myanmar's actions "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing."
  • About 60% of the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees living in Bangladeshi camps are children under the age of 17, CBS reports.
  • This is the third exodus of the Rohingya from Myanmar. They previously fled persecution in 1978 and 1991, per the Economist.
  • The refugees are stateless, with Myanmar refusing to accept them and Bangladesh referring to them as "undocumented Myanmar nationals," according to the Economist.

Go deeper: Myanmar's persecution of its Muslim population

Go deeper

Mike Allen, author of AM
21 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Biden's "overwhelming force" doctrine

President-elect Biden arrives to introduce his science team in Wilmington yesterday. Photo: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

President-elect Biden has ordered up a shock-and-awe campaign for his first days in office to signal, as dramatically as possible, the radical shift coming to America and global affairs, his advisers tell us. 

The plan, Part 1 ... Biden, as detailed in a "First Ten Days" memo from incoming chief of staff Ron Klain, plans to unleash executive orders, federal powers and speeches to shift to a stark, national plan for "100 million shots" in three months.

Off the Rails

Episode 2: Barbarians at the Oval

Photo illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios. Photo: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images

Beginning on election night 2020 and continuing through his final days in office, Donald Trump unraveled and dragged America with him, to the point that his followers sacked the U.S. Capitol with two weeks left in his term. This Axios series takes you inside the collapse of a president.

Episode 2: Trump stops buying what his professional staff are telling him, and increasingly turns to radical voices telling him what he wants to hear. Read episode 1.

President Trump plunked down in an armchair in the White House residence, still dressed from his golf game — navy fleece, black pants, white MAGA cap. It was Saturday, Nov. 7. The networks had just called the election for Joe Biden.

Fringe right plots new attacks out of sight

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Domestic extremists are using obscure and private corners of the internet to plot new attacks ahead of Inauguration Day. Their plans are also hidden in plain sight, buried in podcasts and online video platforms.

Why it matters: Because law enforcement was caught flat-footed during last week's Capitol siege, researchers and intelligence agencies are paying more attention to online threats that could turn into real-world violence.