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Photo: AFP via Getty Images

Afghanistan's two Paralympians — including its first female Paralympian — won't be able to make it to Tokyo with airports closed in the wake of the Taliban's takeover.

Why it matters: Sports are hardly the biggest concern in Afghanistan right now, but the changes set to take place therein — particularly for women — reflect the country's uncertain future.

The backdrop: When the Taliban rose to power in 1996, men's sports took a backseat while women were forbidden from participating, under violent and sometimes fatal penalties.

  • The IOC banned Afghanistan from the 2000 Olympics for the Taliban's discrimination against women, which extended far beyond the field. They also couldn't pursue education or careers.
  • During the Taliban's reign, the country's closest tie to sport may have been the government's horrifying use of Kabul's soccer stadium as an execution site.
Afghanistan's women's soccer team practicing in 2010. Photo: Massoud Hossaini/AFP via Getty Images

The state of play: After the Taliban was toppled in 2001, gradual changes emerged as women were no longer subject to the strictness of Sharia law.

  • The IOC reinstated Afghanistan for the 2004 Games, and the nation sent its first two female Olympians to Athens. In 2007, the first national women's soccer team was formed.
  • A skateboarding program called Skateistan became a safe haven for schoolgirls and was spotlighted in 2020's Oscar-winning documentary short subject.
  • But now the vital progress of these past two decades is, like so many of these women, being threatened.

The last word, as told to the AP by Khalida Popal, who founded the women's national soccer team:

"All these years we have worked to raise the visibility of women and now I'm telling my women in Afghanistan to shut up and disappear. Their lives are in danger."

Go deeper: How Kabul fell so fast (Axios)

Go deeper

Oct 19, 2021 - World

WHO, UNICEF to launch polio vaccine drive in Afghanistan

Afghan boys return to their homes after attending school in Chashma Dozak area of Badghis province on Oct. 16. Photo: Hoshang Hashimi/AFP via Getty Images

The World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) will launch a house-to-house vaccination campaign to inoculate children in Afghanistan against polio, the UN announced Monday.

Why it matters: The campaign, which begins Nov. 8 with the Taliban's backing, is the first such vaccine drive in over three years to reach all Afghan children, the press release noted.

Oct 19, 2021 - Technology

Tarika Barrett: U.S. tech industry must become "more equitable"

Photo: Axios

The technology industry must become more equitable if it intends to solve its diversity problem, Tarika Barrett, CEO of Girls Who Code, said at an Axios virtual event on Tuesday.

Why it matters: Tech companies in the United States face a national reckoning on the lack of diversity in their workforce, with Black representation across Google, Facebook and Microsoft making up less than 7% of the workforce.

3 hours ago - Health

FDA authorizes mix-and-match for COVID booster shots

Photo: Francine Orr/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

The Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) on Wednesday gave its approval for Americans to get booster shots that are different from the COVID vaccine they initially received.

Why it matters: The recommendation from the FDA, which also authorized booster shots for people who received Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines on Wednesday, paves the way for an expansion of booster shots.