The New York Stock Exchange on Jan. 8. Photo: Xinhua/Wang Ying via Getty Images

The S&P 500 is too rich on a number of levels, according to calculations in a new paper from Ned Davis Research that examines the index's price to earnings, profits and price to sales.

What's happening: Not only is the benchmark stock index's current P/E ratio "well above fair value," S&P companies' prices relative to sales is at a record high, “well in excess of what they were in 2000 or 2007 at those peaks,” Ned Davis, the company's senior investment strategist, says in a note to clients.

Why it matters: Most Wall Street analysts predict that even after earnings declined overall and prices rose 30% in 2019, U.S. equities will rise modestly this year, by around 5%. But Davis warns "the long history of valuations tells me that over long-term periods, prices tend to revert to or below fair values."

  • That would mean earnings would need to increase significantly or equities prices would need to fall.

Further, "[T]he S&P 500 could be overstating earnings due to buybacks and other financial engineering of profits,” Davis says. "S&P 500 earnings have done much better than overall corporate profits for the last five years."

  • "Other measures, like the median price to earnings ratio — which exclude the skewed effects of very profitable and very unprofitable companies — shows the S&P 500 overvalued by nearly 30% versus the typical valuation level seen since 1964."
  • And “P/E ratios are some 80% above the long-term norm,” Davis notes.

The bottom line: "[T]he trend is up and the Fed is friendly," Davis says. But the numbers are the numbers. "This is a real concern."'

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Biden: The next president should decide on Ginsburg’s replacement

Joe Biden. Photo: Drew Angerer / Getty Images

Joe Biden is calling for the winner of November's presidential election to select Ruth Bader Ginsburg's replacement on the Supreme Court.

What he's saying: "[L]et me be clear: The voters should pick the president and the president should pick the justice for the Senate to consider," Biden said. "This was the position the Republican Senate took in 2016 when there were almost 10 months to go before the election. That's the position the United States Senate must take today, and the election's only 46 days off.

Trump, McConnell to move fast to replace Ginsburg

Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

President Trump will move within days to nominate his third Supreme Court justice in just three-plus short years — and shape the court for literally decades to come, top Republican sources tell Axios.

Driving the news: Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Senate Republicans are ready to move to confirm Trump's nominee before Election Day, just 46 days away, setting up one of the most consequential periods of our lifetimes, the sources say.

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