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Justice Sonia Sotomayor. Photo: Erin Schaff/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor said Wednesday that changes in the format of oral arguments were made in part after research showed that female justices were interrupted more by male justices and advocates, CNN reports.

Driving the news: Sotomayor said the studies, including one published in 2017, have had an "enormous impact" and caused Chief Justice John Roberts to be "much more sensitive" to people being interrupted on the court, per CNN.

  • "Most of the time women say things and they are not heard in the same way as men who might say the identical thing," Sotomayor said at an event at New York University School of Law, referring to both in the courtroom and in society more broadly.
  • Sotomayor said she noticed the pattern of interruption "without question" before the format of oral arguments changed, adding that her response was often to "interrupt back," per CNN.
  • NYU confirmed CNN's reporting.

The big picture: The court's new system at oral arguments, also in part a holdover from the pandemic, permits each justice to ask specific questions after an attorney's time has expired, per CNN.

  • Sotomayor also emphasized the need for professional diversity on the court, saying that when Ruth Bader Ginsburg died, "we lost our only civil rights lawyer."
  • "I do worry that the authorities who are selecting judges are not paying enough attention to that kind of diversity as well," Sotomayor said, per CNN.

Go deeper

Anti-abortion activists' Supreme Court dreams are coming true

Photo illustration: Annelise Capossela. Photos: Kevin Dietsch/Getty Images

This is the moment the conservative legal movement has been building toward for decades: The solidly conservative Supreme Court is about to hear two major abortion cases within a month of each other.

Why it matters: All of this is likely to end with significant new restrictions on abortion and a clear path for Republican-led states to win the next big abortion cases, too — the culmination of a long and bitter fight for control of the judiciary.

Gaming CEO calls on industry to help fight climate change

"Catalyst Black." Screenshot: Super Evil Megacorp

Gaming CEO Kristian Segerstrale is calling on leaders in his industry to take action on climate change, after completing a $1.4 million fundraising campaign this summer.

Why it matters: Gaming's pandemic-fueled boom creates an opportunity, and maybe even an obligation, to do some good.

3 hours ago - World

U.S. releases updated vaccination, testing rules for foreign travelers

Photo: Patrick T. Fallon/AFP via Getty Images

Foreign travelers will be allowed entry to the U.S. beginning Nov. 8 if they can provide proof of full COVID-19 vaccination with a shot authorized by the World Health Organization and a negative test within three days of departure, the White House announced Monday.

Why it matters: The updated guidance, which exempts children under the age of 18 from the vaccine requirement, is intended to provide further clarity for airlines and foreign nationals who have been restricted from traveling to the U.S. since early 2020.