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People attempt to cool off during a heat wave in Istanbul, Turkey, on July 8. Photo: Berk Ozkan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

In a warming world, expanding access to cooling technologies without jeopardizing climate change goals is going to be a major challenge, according to a new report by the Sustainable Energy for All group.

Why it matters: Cooling needs are not only for expanding access to air conditioning as the earth becomes hotter, but applies to many other aspects of the modern economy like medical and food supply chains. The report shows that 1.1 billion people face "cooling access risks."

The big picture: 470 million people live in poor, rural areas that lack access to safe food and medicines and 630 million are located in hotter, poor urban slums with little or no cooling to protect them against extreme heat waves.

What's happening now: Extreme heat waves are a present-day danger as well as a growing risk. In just the past few months, all-time hot temperature records have fallen across the globe.

  • In Nawabshah, Pakistan, on April 30, the temperature hit 50.2°C, or 122.4°F, which if verified by officials would be the hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth during the month of April.
  • On June 25, Oman set a new world record for the highest minimum temperature for a 24-hour period and for a calendar day, with a low temperature of 42.6°C, or 108.7°F.
“Access to cooling is not a luxury,” says Rachel Kyte, CEO and Special Representative to the United Nations Secretary-General for Sustainable Energy for All. “This could mean the difference between life and death for many, many people.”

The details, per the report:

  • There are 9 countries with the biggest populations facing cooling risks, including: India, Bangladesh, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Indonesia, China, Mozambique and Sudan.
  • It calls on policymakers to place cooling needs higher on their list of climate change and sustainable development priorities.
  • The choices that a growing middle class, particularly in Asia, makes about cooling devices — whether to buy cheaper, less efficient devices or push manufacturers to meet tougher efficiency standards — could make or break the achievement of the Paris Climate Agreement's temperature targets as well as the fate of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
  • Cooling, from the air conditioners in our homes to the systems that regulate temperature at computer data centers and grocery stores, is already responsible for about 10% of global warming.
  • “We have to do this in a way that is super efficient so we don’t explode emissions," Kyte says.

Go deeper

Kaine, Collins' censure resolution seeks to bar Trump from holding office again

Sen. Tim Kaine (center) and Sen. Susan Collins (right). Photo: Andrew Harnik/Pool via Getty Images

Sens. Tim Kaine (D-Va.) and Susan Collins (R-Maine) are forging ahead with a draft proposal to censure former President Trump, and are considering introducing the resolution on the Senate floor next week.

Why it matters: Senators are looking for a way to condemn Trump on the record as it becomes increasingly unlikely Democrats will obtain the 17 Republican votes needed to gain a conviction, Axios Alayna Treene writes. "I think it’s important for the Senate's leadership to understand that there are alternatives," Kaine told CNN on Wednesday.

Stark reminder for America's corporate leaders

Rosalind "Roz" Brewer is about to become only the second Black woman to permanently lead a Fortune 500 company. She starts as Walgreens CEO on March 15.

Why it matters: It's a stark reminder of how far corporate America's top decision-makers have to go during an unprecedented push by politicians, employees and even a stock exchange to diversify their top ranks.

Ina Fried, author of Login
Updated 4 hours ago - Technology

Apple's quarterly sales top $100 billion for first time

Credit: Apple

Spurred by strong sales of the latest iPhones, Apple reported it took in a record $111 billion in revenue for the three months ended Dec. 31, as the company crushed expectations.

Why it matters: The move showed even a pandemic didn't dull demand for Apple's latest smartphones.