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AP

Eighty-nine percent of U.S. software developers actually live and work outside of the Bay Area, according to a study by The App Association.

Why it matters: Software is the basis for the technologies — and therefore jobs — of the future: self-driving cars, augmented reality and artificial intelligence, to name a few. The high cost of living in Silicon Valley has driven some workers to look elsewhere for jobs so companies are starting to branch out to other cities to capitalize on that migration. For example, big names like Apple and Google now have engineering offices in Seattle, providing competition for talent to local companies Microsoft and Amazon.

Where are these workers? HackerRank, a San-Francisco-based company that runs a community of engineers and helps match developer talent with jobs, studied coding submissions of developers across the country over the past two years and scored them across several attributes to find out states stack up.

  • Washington and Wyoming top California (which is in third place) as the best state for developers.
  • The worst state? Montana.
  • Hawaii, Colorado, Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania have the fastest-growing developer activity.
  • Wisconsin has the best developers in the Rust Belt.
  • Oregon is home to the best Java developers.
  • Washington, D.C. ranks 14th overall but is number one in functional programming.

Shortage: The demand for software developers far exceeds the supply, with more than 200,000 job openings that companies have a hard time filling. This shortage is why tech companies care so much about high-skilled immigration to help fill some of these jobs, and has put pressure on school systems and universities teach more computer science skills to prepare for future industries.

Go deeper

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
2 hours ago - Technology

TikTok gets more time (again)

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

The White House is again giving TikTok's Chinese parent company more to satisfy national security concerns, rather than initiating legal action, a source familiar with the situation tells Axios.

The state of play: China's ByteDance had until Friday to resolve issues raised by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S. (CFIUS), which is chaired by Treasury secretary Steve Mnuchin. This was the company's third deadline, with CFIUS having provided two earlier extensions.

Federal judge orders Trump administration to restore DACA

DACA recipients and their supporters rally outside the U.S. Supreme Court on June 18. Photo: Drew Angerer via Getty

A federal judge on Friday ordered the Trump administration to fully restore the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, giving undocumented immigrants who arrived in the U.S. as children a chance to petition for protection from deportation.

Why it matters: DACA was implemented under former President Obama, but President Trump has sought to undo the program since taking office. Friday’s ruling will require Department of Homeland Security officers to begin accepting applications starting Monday and guarantee that work permits are valid for two years.

Updated 4 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

  1. Politics: Fauci says he accepted Biden's offer to be chief medical adviser "on the spot" — The recovery needs rocket fuel.
  2. Health: CDC: It's time for "universal face mask use" — Death rates rising across the country — Study: Increased testing can reduce transmission.
  3. Economy: U.S. economy adds 245,000 jobs in November as recovery slows — America's hidden depression: K-shaped recovery threatens Biden administration.
  4. Cities: Bay Area counties to enact stay-at-home order ahead of state mandate
  5. Vaccine: What vaccine trials still need to do.
  6. World: UN warns "2021 is literally going to be catastrophic"
  7. 🎧 Podcast: Former FDA chief Rob Califf on the vaccine approval process.