Sens. Cory Booker and Kamala Harris co-sponsored the bill, along with Sen. Tim Scott (not pictured). Photo: Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call
Why it matters: Congress has tried and failed for nearly 100 years to pass similar measures, with more than 4,000 black people having been victims of lynching between 1877 and 1950, according to the Equal Justice Initiative. The Senate passed a similar measure during the last Congress, but the House failed to act on it.