Get the latest market trends in your inbox

Stay on top of the latest market trends and economic insights with the Axios Markets newsletter. Sign up for free.

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Catch up on coronavirus stories and special reports, curated by Mike Allen everyday

Catch up on coronavirus stories and special reports, curated by Mike Allen everyday

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Denver news in your inbox

Catch up on the most important stories affecting your hometown with Axios Denver

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Des Moines news in your inbox

Catch up on the most important stories affecting your hometown with Axios Des Moines

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Minneapolis-St. Paul news in your inbox

Catch up on the most important stories affecting your hometown with Axios Minneapolis-St. Paul

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Tampa-St. Petersburg news in your inbox

Catch up on the most important stories affecting your hometown with Axios Tampa-St. Petersburg

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Please enter a valid email.

Please enter a valid email.

Subscription failed
Thank you for subscribing!

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Russia is planning to sever itself temporarily from the global internet, ostensibly to prepare the country to deal with a digital attack that would leave it cut off.

Why it matters: That's Russia's stated intent, but experts believe the goal is actually to wrest more control over the country's domestic internet.

The big picture: The Duma is currently considering a law submitted in December that would ensure Russia's national internet could still function in case Russia was intentionally cut off from the global internet. The trial separation would help fine tune what steps Russia might need to take for that law to succeed.

The test will take place before an April 1 deadline to submit amendments, according to the Russian outlet RBC, which first reported the story, and ZDNet, which first brought it to English.

Yes, but: Though the government of Russia has publicly expressed concern that other nations may cut it off from the internet, experts are skeptical.

  • "As a technical matter, I have a hard time imagining how a group of nations could isolate Russia completely," said Michael Daniel, former White House cybersecurity coordinator and current president and CEO of the Cyber Threat Alliance. "The distributed nature of the Internet makes that prospect really challenging."
  • While the U.S. has threatened stronger actions to deal with hostile foreign cyber powers, removing a country from the internet goes a step beyond any known plans.

Between the lines: "Really, this move would be about Russia wanting to have the same capabilities that China does — in essence, to be able to control the flow of information into and out of the country," said Daniel.

Russia has long wanted more internal control over the physical routing of the internet. The internet operates on domain name system (DNS) servers, which operate like a kind of phone book, "resolving" the verbal web addresses (like "axios.com") users send from browsers into numerical internet addresses that the network understands.

  • By 2020, Russia has announced it wants to resolve as much as 95% of its DNS requests on servers within the country. Doing so would give Russia the opportunity to prevent users from accessing content the government wished to censor.
  • Preparing Russia's network to function while isolated from the global internet would help create the infrastructure the country would need to prevent citizens from circumventing national control.

There's a good chance Russia's internet test could cause a little chaos, noted Tim April, principal architect of Akamai, because much of the internet's functionality comes from globally coordinated systems — everything from web analytics platforms to synchronized timing to spam blocking lists.

China uses its tight-fisted control of its domestic internet, the so-called "Great Firewall," to keep granular control over ideas its citizens are allowed to communicate.

  • It famously bans everything from the history of Tiananmen Square to Winnie the Pooh memes.

Russia may be freer than China, but it is still restrictive about dissent. Its internet isolation test-run could be a first step toward an "Iron Firewall."

Go deeper

Updated 11 mins ago - Health

U.K. first nation to clear Pfizer coronavirus vaccine for mass rollout

A health care worker during the phase 3 COVID-19 vaccine trial by the Pfizer and BioNTech in Ankara, Turkey, in October. Photo: Dogukan Keskinkilic/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

The United Kingdom's government announced Wednesday it's approved Pfizer-BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine, which "will be made available across the U.K. from next week."

Why it matters: The U.K. has beaten the U.S. to become the first Western country to give emergency approval for a vaccine against a virus that's killed nearly 1.5 million people globally.

2 hours ago - World

NYT: Biden won't immediately remove U.S. tariffs on China

President-elect Joe Biden during an event in Wilmington, Delaware, on Tuesday. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

President Trump's 25% tariffs imposed on China under the phase one trade deal will remain in place at the start of the new administration, President-elect Biden said in an interview with the New York Times published early Wednesday.

Details: "I'm not going to make any immediate moves, and the same applies to the tariffs," Biden said. He plans to conduct a full review of the current U.S. policy on China and speak with key allies in Asia and Europe to "develop a coherent strategy," he said.

Trump threatens to veto Defense spending bill over social media shield

Photo: Erin Schaff - Pool/Getty Images

President Trump tweeted Tuesday a threat to veto a must-pass end-of-year $740 billion bill defense-spending authorization bill unless Congress repeals a federal law that protects social media sites from legal liability.

Why it matters: Trump's attempt to get Congress to end the tech industry protections under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act is the latest escalation in his war on tech giants over what he and some other Republicans perceive as bias against conservatives.