Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The Census Bureau estimates that U.S. population growth has been driven by racial and ethnic minorities for the past 10 years, Bloomberg reports.

The big picture, via Axios' Stef Kight: By 2045, the U.S. as a whole is projected to become majority minority.

  • The U.S. faces two possible futures: a thriving nation that embraces its new demographic makeup, or an escalation of fighting, racism and xenophobia, Kight wrote in 2019.

What's happening: White people in the U.S. are getting older and their birth rates are declining. The number of white people has declined in all 50 states except for Washington, D.C., according to a new Brookings report cited by Bloomberg.

  • Non-Hispanic white people were already the minority last year in 32 U.S. counties, partially due to a rise in Hispanic and Asian immigrants, per Kight.
  • The median age for Black non-Hispanic Americans is around 34 years old, and while the median age for Asian non-Hispanic Americans is around 37 — while the average age for white people in the country is 43, per Census Bureau estimates.

The bottom line: If these estimates are consistent in the 2020 census, "the decade after 2010 would be the first one since the first population count was taken in 1790 that the white population didn’t grow," Bloomberg reports, citing William Frey, senior fellow at Brookings.

Go deeper ... Future foretold: A new America in 2040

Go deeper

U.S. Chamber of Commerce warns of racial inequality for small businesses

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Attitudes and beliefs about racial inequality are changing quickly as protests and media attention have helped highlight the gaps in opportunity between white- and minority-owned businesses in the United States.

Driving the news: A new survey from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and MetLife provided early to Axios shows a 17-point increase in the number of small business owners who say minority-owned small businesses face more challenges than non-minority-owned ones.

Elliott Abrams to replace Brian Hook as Trump's Iran envoy

Brian Hook. Photo: Tayfun Coskun/Anadolu Agency via Getty Image

President Trump's Iran envoy, Brian Hook, is stepping down, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo confirmed Thursday. He will be replaced with Venezuela envoy Elliott Abrams, a noted Iran hawk who will serve in both roles.

Why it matters: Hook had been tasked with executing Trump's "maximum pressure" policy toward Iran, working closely with Pompeo. That strategy has deepened tensions and thus far failed to force Iran back to the negotiating table, as Trump had hoped.

Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine tests positive for coronavirus ahead of Trump visit

Photo: Justin Merriman/Getty Images

Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine (R) has tested positive for COVID-19 and plans to quarantine at his home for the next 14 days, his office announced Thursday. He currently has no symptoms.

Why it matters: The 73-year-old DeWine was set to meet President Trump Thursday on the tarmac at an airport in Cleveland and was tested as part of standard protocol. He is the second governor known to have contracted the coronavirus, after Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt (R).