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Coral reefs endangered by massive plastic pollution

Photo of coral off coast of Indonesia with pollution, including a piece of something with a Nike emblem, causing white syndrome coral disease
Plastic pollution, such as this Nike logo, helps foster certain diseases like white syndrome coral disease seen here. Photo: Joleah Lamb / Cornell University

The billions of pieces of plastic waste hovering in the oceans of the Asia-Pacific region are causing a 20-fold increased risk of diseases deadly to coral reefs, according to a new study published in Science Thursday.

Why it matters: The estimated 11.1 billion plastic items lodged around the Asia-Pacific coral reefs boost the risk of coral contracting skeletal eroding band disease, white syndromes, and black band disease, they found. About 275 million people in the region rely on the reefs for food, tourism, marine biodiversity, and coastal protection.