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Sens. Rand Paul (left) and Alex Padilla. Photos: Greg Nash-Pool (left) and Caroline Brehman/CQ-Roll Call via Getty Images

Sens. Alex Padilla (D-Calif.) and Rand Paul (R-Ky.) on Wednesday introduced a bill that seeks to provide a pathway to citizenship for the country's 200,000 "Documented Dreamers."

Why it matters: Documented Dreamers are children of long-term visa holders who often wait years for a green card and face deportation if they don't receive legal immigration status after turning 21, when they lose dependent status.

  • They come to the U.S. as dependents of long-term nonimmigrant visa holders, including H-1B, L-1, E-1 and E2 workers. Backlogs mean they often have to wait for a green card or other forms of immigration status for years or even decades.
  • Most are Asian American, according to Dip Patel, a Documented Dreamer and the president of the immigration advocacy group Improve the Dream. Roughly 70% emigrate from India, Patel said.

Details: Padilla and Paul's legislation, called the America's Children Act, would provide a pathway to permanent residency and establish age-out protections that lock in a child's age on the date they file for a green card rather than the final action date.

  • It would also provide work authorization for Documented Dreamers 16 years and older while their green card applications are pending.
  • "These children who have legally called the United States home for many years and even decades ... shouldn’t be penalized by the government’s failures in addressing green card backlogs," Paul said in a statement.
  • "We cannot turn our backs on the ‘Documented Dreamers’ who have spent most of their lives in this country, contributing to their communities and our economy," Padilla added.
  • Reps. Deborah Ross (D-N.C.), Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R-Iowa), Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-Ill.) and Young Kim (R-Calif.) introduced a House version of the bill in July.

What they're saying: "People don't realize that this is happening, that thousands of people who have been ... brought here at a young age, raised and educated here on visas with a legal status are having to leave the country," Patel told Axios ahead of the bill's introduction.

  • He was 9 when he and his parents came to the U.S. from India to open a small convenience store in Illinois.
  • "Over 200,000 Documented Dreamers who had felt hopeless now have hope for being recognized as something we have long felt: Americans," he said in a statement Wednesday. "We are America's Children and this bill will recognize us as such."

Go deeper

Mapped: Afghan refugees headed to 46 states

Expand chart
Data: White House; Chart: Jared Whalen/Axios

The Biden administration notified governors and mayors on Wednesday of the number of Afghan evacuees their state is expected to receive in the coming weeks, two senior administration officials told Axios.

Why it matters: Although their exact immigration pathway is still unclear, an initial group of 37,000 Afghans will soon be headed to states across the country after many faced harrowing journeys from Afghanistan.

Judge nixes Gulf of Mexico oil leases in climate-focused ruling

Tug boats prepare to tow the semi-submersible drilling platform Noble Danny Adkins through the Port Aransas Channel into the Gulf of Mexico on December 12, 2020 in Port Aransas, Texas. Photo: Tom Pennington/Getty Images

A federal judge on Thursday canceled the Biden administration's late 2021 sale of new oil-and-gas drilling leases in the Gulf of Mexico.

Why it matters: The ruling that the greenhouse gas emissions analysis by the Interior's Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) was insufficient is a win for green groups that challenged the decision, as they seek to curb fossil fuel production.

45 million Americans under winter storm watches near New England

Computer model projection showing the winds moving around the powerful East Coast storm on Saturday Jan. 29, 2022. Credit: https://earth.nullschool.net

Nearly 45 million Americans are under winter weather alerts and warnings from North Carolina to northeastern Maine Thursday night, as a major winter storm threatens the region.

Why it matters: It is predicted to be the biggest blizzard since 2018 to strike the Northeast with more than 2 feet of snow possible in parts of eastern Massachusetts, according to the National Weather Service.