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Photo: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

President Trump, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto signed onto USMCA — the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, a revamped version of NAFTA — at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires on Friday.

The big picture: The deal still has to be approved by Congress, which is far from guaranteed, as well as the Canadian and Mexican legislatures. And even though USMCA only contains modest changes from NAFTA, Trump still views the deal as a major win after promising on the campaign trail to get rid of the "single worst trade deal ever approved."

  • CBC News reports that Canada is calling the deal CUSMA, or the Canada-United States-Mexico agreement, "in all its own documents, and Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland still occasionally calls it 'the new NAFTA.'"
  • At the signing, Trudeau once again urged Trump to get rid of the aluminum and steel tariffs the White House imposed earlier this year, which have remained in place despite the new trade agreement.
  • Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement, per CBS' Mark Knoller, that USMCA is "a critical step in modernizing and rebalancing North American trade."

Go deeper: Breaking down the rapid NAFTA rebrand

Go deeper

Coronavirus has inflamed global inequality

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

History will likely remember the pandemic as the "first time since records began that inequality rose in virtually every country on earth at the same time." That's the verdict from Oxfam's inequality report covering the year 2020 — a terrible year that hit the poorest, hardest across the planet.

Why it matters: The world's poorest were already in a race against time, facing down an existential risk in the form of global climate change. The coronavirus pandemic could set global poverty reduction back as much as a full decade, according to the World Bank.

Kevin McCarthy's rude awakening

House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy. Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

Kevin McCarthy is learning you can get torched when you try to make everyone happy, especially after an insurrection.

Why it matters: The House Republican leader had been hoping to use this year to build toward taking the majority in 2022, but his efforts to bridge intra-party divisiveness over the Capitol siege have him taking heat from every direction, eroding his stature both with the public and within his party.

The next big political war: redistricting

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Democrats are preparing a mix of tech and legal strategies to combat expected gerrymandering by Republicans, who are planning to go on legal offense themselves.

Why it matters: Democrats failed to regain a single state legislature on Election Day, while Republicans upped their control to 30 states' Houses and Senates. In the majority of states, legislatures draw new congressional district lines, which can boost a party's candidates for the next decade.