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The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi for reseach on climate change. Photo: Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP via Getty Images

Scientists Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi received the Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for their work in predicting global warming and the understanding of complex physical systems.

Why it matters: These researchers helped describe and predict the long-term behavior of complex systems, like the Earth's climate, which are characterized by randomness and disorder and are difficult to understand.

What they're saying: “The discoveries being recognized this year demonstrate that our knowledge about the climate rests on a solid scientific foundation, based on a rigorous analysis of observations," Thors Hans Hansson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics, said.

  • "This year’s Laureates have all contributed to us gaining deeper insight into the properties and evolution of complex physical systems."

Thought bubble, via Axios' Andrew Freedman: This Nobel honors three pioneers in using physics to design increasingly sophisticated computer models used to simulate and project global warming.

  • Manabe, 90, for example, paved the way for the current generation of computer models run at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) in Princeton, New Jersey. While the Nobel Peace Prize has gone to climate scientists before, namely the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2007, this is a different level of recognition.

The big picture: Hasselmann, 89, created a model that links together weather and climate and helped answer why climate models can be reliable despite weather being changeable and chaotic.

  • Parisi, 73, conducted research that makes it possible to understand and describe many different and apparently entirely random phenomena in physics and other scientific fields.

Go deeper: Nobel Prize awarded for research on how humans feel temperature and touch

Go deeper

Ben Geman, author of Generate
Oct 26, 2021 - Economy & Business

Sweetgreen weighs climate risk in IPO filing

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

Eco-conscious salad chain Sweetgreen's new filing with regulators to go public offers a window onto how companies must grapple with climate risks to the food system.

Driving the news: Sweetgreen's paperwork, like other pre-IPO filings, lists potential headwinds. Climate change is among them.

24 mins ago - Technology

Facebook changes corporate name to Meta

Screen shot of CEO Mark Zuckerberg at the company's "Connect" virtual event

CEO Mark Zuckerberg on Thursday said the social media giant is renaming its company Meta.

Why it matters: The effort is meant to shift its image from a social media platform to a “metaverse” company that focuses on building virtual work and social communities.

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
1 hour ago - Economy & Business

Filings show Sweetgreen isn't profitable, despite claims

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Restaurant chain Sweetgreen on Monday filed to go public, and revealed that it lost money in each year since 2014.

Why it matters: The company lied when it repeatedly told reporters it was profitable.