Welcome to Sneak Peek, our weekly look ahead from both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue, plus our best scoops.
Tonight's newsletter is 1,442 words, a 5-minute read.
Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios
The Trump administration has a new target on the immigration front — pregnant women visiting from other countries — with plans as early as this week to roll out a new rule cracking down on "birth tourism," three administration officials told Axios' Stef Kight and me.
Why it matters: Trump has threatened to end birthright citizenship and railed against immigrant "anchor babies." The new rule would be one of the first tangible steps to test how much legal authority the administration has to prevent foreigners from taking advantage of the 14th Amendment's protection of citizenship for anyone born in the U.S.
The big picture: "Birth tourists" often come to the U.S. from China, Russia and Nigeria, according to the AP.
How the new regulation would work: It would alter the requirements for B visas (or visitor visas), giving State Department officials the authority to deny foreigners the short-term business and tourism visas if they believe the process is being used to facilitate automatic citizenship.
This is but one step in the administration's plans to make it harder for people from other countries to benefit from birthright citizenship.
What to watch: Most of Trump's major immigration moves have been met with lawsuits. If the regulation leaves it to officers' discretion to ensure that B visas aren't used for birth tourism, it would be difficult to challenge in court, according to Lynden Melmed, an attorney and former chief counsel at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
White House counsel Pat Cipollone and acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney. Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images
Trump officials say they feel especially bullish about one key argument against calling additional impeachment witnesses: It could compromise America's national security.
Why it matters: They're banking on it to speed up the trial, according to people close to the president.
What we're hearing: White House Counsel Pat Cipollone, who considers himself a civil libertarian, is expected to argue that the obstruction of Congress article is dangerous and could forever undermine the power of the executive office to protect privileged information.
The bottom line: Sources close to Trump's legal team have privately expressed confidence that former National Security Adviser Bolton will ultimately honor Trump's assertion of executive privilege.
Sens. Susan Collins (R-Maine) and Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska). Photo: Tom Williams/CQ-Roll Call, Inc via Getty Images
Senators will almost certainly get to vote on whether or not to call impeachment witnesses, Alayna writes. The resolution laying out the rules of the trial, which will be presented Tuesday, is expected to mandate that senators can take up-or-down votes on calling for witnesses and documents.
Not so fast: Those votes won't come until the House impeachment managers and President Trump's defense team deliver their opening arguments and field senators' questions.
What to watch: Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer is also expected to use the vote on the resolution to push Democrats' messaging, with an eye trained on weakening the GOP majority in the Senate and clawing back the more vulnerable seats in November.
"Democrats are going to try and amend these things until the cows come home, but remember, senators can't talk," a GOP leadership aide said. "So there won't be a clip of Susan Collins voting no on this."
Meanwhile, a key strategy within the Trump team's defense mechanism is the notion that the articles themselves are not criminal, and therefore are not impeachable offenses, even if proven.
What to expect:
Once the trial starts back up, McConnell will immediately introduce a motion on the organizing resolution.
Photo: Michael Reynolds - Pool/Getty Images
Trump is expected to decide in the next several days whether to present the White House's Middle East peace plan before Israel's March 2 elections, Israeli and U.S. sources tell my colleague Barak Ravid.
Why it matters: If the plan is presented before the Israeli elections, it could influence the campaign and possibly provide a boost to embattled Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Photo: Samuel Corum/Getty Images
The House is on recess through January 27.
The Senate reconvenes Tuesday at 12:30 p.m., and the impeachment trial will resume at 1 p.m.
President Trump's schedule, per a White House official:
Maria Bartiromo. Photo: Roy Rochlin/Getty Images
Former prosecutor Robert Ray knew exactly whom to thank for his new gig as a member of President Trump's impeachment legal team: Fox host Maria Bartiromo.
"On a personal note, thank you very much for all the appearances going back now many, many months," Ray said to Bartiromo at the beginning of his interview on Fox News' "Sunday Morning Futures" this morning.
Between the lines: Truer words have rarely been spoken.