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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Though there are primaries in seven states tonight, including two run-off elections, a lot of the action is in New York's competitive House races.

What to watch: Four incumbent Democratic House members are facing progressive challengers in New York, and Democrats are hoping to flip at least three GOP-held districts. There's one Republican House member with a GOP challenger, but he has President Trump's support.

New York battle lines:

  • Rep. Joe Crowley in New York's 14th district has served in Congress since 1999. Alexandria Ocasio Cortez, a 28-year-old progressive activist, is challenging him.
  • Rep. Yvette Clarke in the state's 9th district has held her Brooklyn seat since 2006. She is going against Adem Bunkeddeko, a 30-year-old ­son of Ugandan refugees, who said of his opponent: “I think her tenure has been a failure."
  • Rep. Eliot Engel, who's served 30 years in Congress, is facing three challengers, and has spent $1.3 million against one them, Jonathan Lewis.
  • Rep. Carolyn Maloney in the state's 12th district was first elected in 1992 and is fighting off a challenge from 34-year-old Suraj Patel, a hotel executive who says Maloney uses "political tactics from last century that excite no one and completely overlook the need to bring new people into the process.” (He has been criticized for making fake dating app profiles to lure voters.)

Democratic divide: Single-payer health care has become a litmus test for Democratic candidates running to unseat Rep. John Faso in the 19th district. One of the candidates, Brian Flynn, has an ad out arguing that they "may all be Democrats, but I support Medicare for all, and they don't." Since then, both of his challengers have moved to the left, endorsing a "move in the direction of a single-payer system."

Be smart: Even if these challengers don't win this cycle, they're building a bench of progressive candidates for 2020 and beyond.

Correction: An earlier version of this article said Flynn's challengers had endorsed single payer. It has been reflected to show they endorse an eventual path toward single payer.

Go deeper

Inequality Index signals October jobs growth for lower-income Americans

Data: Morning Consult/Axios Inequality Index; Chart: Axios Visuals

Polling for the Morning Consult/Axios Inequality Index suggests that as the Delta variant ebbed over the last month, job security improved for lower-income Americans.

The big picture: As a result of the improving environment, the Inequality Index this month declined to its lowest point since April — reversing a significant spike in September.

White House unveils landmark reports on climate links to security, migration

Photo Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios. Photo: John Moore/Getty Images

The Biden administration on Thursday released a sweeping set of assessments on climate change's threat to national security and its role in fueling migration.

Why it matters: One of the key products, a formal National Intelligence Estimate on climate change, marks the first time all 18 elements of the U.S. intelligence community have released a consensus report on the topic.

Scoop: Garland defends DOJ's handling of Jan. 6 probe

Attorney General Merrick Garland. Photo: Kevin Dietsch/Getty Images

Attorney General Merrick Garland will tell the House Judiciary Committee on Thursday that federal prosecutors "are doing exactly what they are expected to do" in seeking accountability for the "intolerable assault" on the Capitol on Jan. 6, Axios has learned.

Why it matters: Allies of former President Trump, including Republican members of Congress, have criticized the department's treatment of rioters charged with crimes and sought to recast the insurrection as a righteous protest. Garland's testimony will be his first appearance before the panel.