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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Nine months of the coronavirus pandemic have left millions of Americans and small businesses struggling to survive. On this Christmas Day, they all deserve to be in our thoughts.

The big picture: Millions of Americans have lost their jobs. People who once volunteered at food banks are turning to them to feed their families. And millions of others could face homelessness when the CDC's moratorium on evictions expires on Dec. 31.

By the numbers: In a survey this fall, around 13% of all adults in the country — 27 million — said their households didn't have enough food during the last week, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

  • That's nearly four times the number of adults who said they didn't have enough to eat at some point in all of 2019.
  • Latinas and Black women are especially vulnerable. Another survey found that one in six Latinas and one in five Black, non-Hispanic women said they didn't have enough to eat during the last week, per the National Women's Law Center.

The U.S. poverty rate jumped 2.4 percentage points to 11.7%, throwing nearly 8 million people into poverty, researchers found in a study last week. That's the biggest one-year increase in the 60 years that the government has been tracking poverty, according to the Washington Post.

  • Renters are in trouble. By next year, roughly 12 million will owe an average of $5,850 in back rent and utilities, per WaPo.
  • Between 2.4 million and 5 million U.S. households are at risk of eviction in January alone, per the investment bank and financial-advisory firm Stout Risius Ross.
  • And at a time when so many Americans are turning to food banks for help, many are short of holiday volunteers because of safety concerns, Reuters reports.

The good news is, Americans rich and not-so-much have stepped up to make the holidays a little less bleak for those in need.

  • Mackenzie Scott, the ex-wife of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, announced on Dec. 15 that she had donated $4 billion over the past four months to 384 nonprofit organizations focused on basic needs.
  • Bezos himself donated $100 million to Feeding America, a Chicago-based nonprofit with more than 200 food banks across the U.S.
  • Oprah Winfrey in April donated $10 million to coronavirus relief efforts, with $1 million going to America's Food Fund to help alleviate food insecurity.
  • The Bill and Melissa Gates Foundation donated $1.75 billion to the global virus response.
  • And Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey donated 28% of his wealth —$1 billion — to global pandemic relief, putting the money into Start Small, which funds a variety of programs.

Large sums of money are not the only way to help needy communities:

What you can do: If you're able, give to those who really need your help. Scott's list of the 384 charities she donated to is a great place to start.

  • Restaurant Workers’ Community Foundation, which has set up an emergency relief fund for restaurant workers, and Children of Restaurant Employees are among the groups accepting cash donations to help small businesses.
  • Other nonprofits are also accepting non-financial donations, such as Toys for Tots, which collects toys and distributes them to children in need, and The Conscious Kid, which accepts anti-racist children's books and now has a rent relief fund that has raised over $500,000 since April.
  • Helping Hands serves seniors and those who are immunocompromised or have preexisting conditions with grocery and other essential supply deliveries, all done contact-free.

Go deeper

Jan 29, 2021 - Health

WHO says most pregnant women can now receive coronavirus vaccine

A doctor administering Moderna's coronavirus vaccine at a university hospital in Essen, Germany, on Jan. 18. Photo: Lukas Schulze/Getty Images

The World Health Organization has altered its guidance for pregnant women who wish to receive the coronavirus vaccine, saying now that those at high risk of exposure to the COVID-19 or who have comorbidities that increase their risk of severe disease, may be vaccinated.

Why it matters: The WHO drew backlash for its previous guidance that did not recommend pregnant women be inoculated with vaccines made by Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna, even though data indicated that pregnancy increased the risk of developing severe illness from the virus.

Jan 30, 2021 - World

Science helps New Zealand avoid another coronavirus lockdown

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern (L) visits a lab at Auckland University in December. Photo: Phil Walter/Getty Images

New Zealand has avoided locking down for a second time over COVID-19 community cases because of a swift, science-led response.

Why it matters: The Health Ministry said in an email to Axios Friday there's "no evidence of community transmission" despite three people testing positive after leaving managed hotel isolation. That means Kiwis can continue to visit bars, restaurants and events as much of the world remains on lockdown.

Jan 29, 2021 - Health

NYC set to restart indoor dining in February, weddings in March

Outdoor dining in New York City in January. Photo: Alexi Rosenfeld/Getty Images

Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced Friday that if the current coronavirus positivity in New York City holds, indoor dining will reopen at 25% capacity on Feb. 14, one of the busiest dining days of the year.

Why it matters: The forced closure of indoor dining in December caused major backlash, as New York's struggling restaurant industry had already been hit hard by pandemic restrictions. Restaurants will still be required to close at 1o p.m.