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Ingenuity flies across the Martian surface. Gif: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS

NASA's little helicopter on Mars passed its first tests with flying colors, and now it's about to embark on the next phase of its mission on the Red Planet.

Why it matters: The 4-pound helicopter named Ingenuity has quickly become a fan-favorite robot on Mars. NASA is using it to prove out technology that could one day help the agency further explore the Red Planet and other objects.

Catch up quick: Ingenuity made it to Mars in February nestled within the Perseverance rover, which landed in Jezero crater.

  • Since detaching from Perseverance's belly, the helicopter has flown four test flights, with the most recent seeing the helicopter fly 16 feet up and about 436 feet south before flying back and landing safely.
  • Ingenuity's fifth flight will be a one-way mission for the drone, transitioning it into a new, "operations demonstration" phase for the sixth flight.
  • "We will now concentrate on the utility of the aerial platform and work on operational products, such as aerial observation of specific science targets or looking at context features from places that are not accessible by rovers," MiMi Aung, a lead engineer at NASA for Ingenuity, said during a press conference.

The big picture: This mission change for Ingenuity will also mean changes for the Perseverance rover as it moves south, searching for interesting rock formations to study.

  • Mission managers for the rover won't need to support Ingenuity quite as much, freeing up Perseverance to get on with its scientific mission.
  • NASA expects the helicopter will be able to fly around, not far from Perseverance, scouting ahead and even landing in areas the rover may soon visit.

Yes, but: This new phase for Ingenuity isn't without its risks. The little helicopter is expected to fly with more precision and NASA will be pushing the limits of what the robot can achieve.

Go deeper: NASA's InSight lander feels Mars quake beneath it

Go deeper

Updated 1 hour ago - World

Death toll mounts as fighting between Israel and Hamas intensifies

Palestinian Muslims exchange wishes for Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan, near a razed building in the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Lahia, on May 13. Photo: Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto via Getty Images

At least 109 Palestinians and seven people in Israel have been killed since recent fighting between Israel's military and Hamas began Monday.

The big picture: Israel began massing troops on its border with Gaza on Thursday, launching attacks from the air and ground as Hamas continued to fire rockets into Israel.

By the numbers: Where the earmarks are wanted

Expand chart
Data: House Committee on Appropriations; Chart: Danielle Alberti/Axios

The Dallas-Fort Worth area is being targeted for the largest collective earmark request in the country, according to a detailed breakdown of overall requests released by the House Appropriations Committee.

Why it matters: House appropriators are trying to balance bipartisan momentum for infrastructure investment with "pork-barrel" spending's checkered political history. The data dump is an effort to provide transparency for what are now termed "community project funding" requests.

Democrats open to user fees for infrastructure deal

President Biden sits Thursday with Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.) as they discuss his $2.3 trillion infrastructure proposal. Photo: T.J. Kirkpatrick/The New York Times/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Some Senate Democrats are open to paying for a compromise infrastructure package by imposing user fees, including increasing the gas tax and raising money from electric car drivers through a vehicle-miles-traveled charge.

Why it matters: By inching toward the Republican position on pay-fors, some Democrats are bucking President Biden's push to offset his proposed $2.3 trillion plan by focusing only on raising taxes on corporations and the wealthy.