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Expand chart
Data: 2021 Chido-Amajuoyi OG et al. JAMA Pediatrics; Chart: Axios Visuals

More than 25% of parents in 2019 who refused the human papillomavirus vaccine for their child cited concerns of safety or adverse effects, a study in JAMA Pediatrics shows.

Why it matters: This type of refusal greatly increased from 5% in 2008, showing "disinformation campaigns aimed at hampering vaccine trust are thriving," the authors write.

  • HPV vaccinations, which are given in adolescents to protect against the types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer and genital warts, have gradually increased since the mid 2000s. But recently, rates have been "suboptimal," and stagnant, per the American Academy of Pediatrics.

The big picture: The pandemic has exposed the corresponding challenges in assuring public confidence in the safety of COVID-19 vaccines.

State of play: Higher rates of safety concerns or adverse effects from 2008 to 2019 were reported especially among non-Hispanic white parents.

  • However, after 2015, the rate of refusal due to concerns of safety or adverse effects increased by 3.5% each year, driven by mothers and mothers with college degrees.

What's next: Misinformation can be combatted if public health resources partner with social media platforms, the report says, adding physicians should be addressing parent hesitancy during appointments.

Go deeper

Parents caught in the middle of K-12 masking debate

Illustration: Brendan Lynch/Axios

Parents in some parts of the U.S. are increasingly frustrated at their deadlocked school districts when it comes to masking policies and the few options for protecting unvaccinated kids this fall.

The big picture: The Biden administration's recent plea that people wear masks indoors again risks falling on deaf ears in the hardest-hit states, leaving families who are at odds with local policies in a quandary.

1 hour ago - World

Pentagon: 8,500 troops on high alert for possible deployment to eastern Europe

Photo: Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images

Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin has placed 8,500 U.S. troops on "heightened preparedness to deploy" to eastern Europe in case NATO activates its rapid-response force over tensions with Russia, the Pentagon announced Monday.

Why it matters: No decisions have been made to actually deploy U.S. forces, but the heightened alert level will allow the military to rapidly shore up NATO's eastern flank in the event that Russia invades Ukraine. The Pentagon warned that Russia has shown "no signs of de-escalating," and continues to amass troops on Ukraine's borders.

Updated 2 hours ago - Economy & Business

S&P 500 on track for worst-ever start to year

Data: FactSet; Chart: Axios Visuals

Stocks suffered their steepest drop of the year early Monday, putting the S&P 500 on course for its worst-ever start to a year.

Driving the news: The benchmark S&P 500 dropped for its fifth straight day, with losses nearing 3% in early trading, momentarily putting it on track to fall into a "correction." Some of the steepest losses were recovered in early afternoon trading.