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Mark Zuckerberg testifies on Capitol Hill. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images.

Lawmakers in the House forced Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg into several awkward moments on Wednesday as they aggressively pressed him to answer critiques of the social giant.

Why it matters: Zuckerberg got out of his Tuesday Senate hearing unscathed, but Wednesday's House session has proven more challenging. Still, there haven't been any dramatic moments that will sink Zuckerberg or signal that real regulation is fast-approaching.

What we've learned:

  • Zuckerberg said he was among the 87 million people whose data was illicitly gathered by Cambridge Analytica.
  • Zuckerberg avoided committing to several potential changes that lawmakers asked him about, including tweaking settings, its business model and adding an African American member to its leadership team.
  • Zuckerberg admitted that the company “sometimes” learns of major data abuses from press reports instead of its own accountability measures. That includes the Cambridge Analytica data breach.

What they're saying:

  • Lawmakers' early critiques of Facebook were pointed. "While Facebook has certainly grown, I worry that it may not have matured," said committee Chairman Greg Walden.
  • On Facebook's privacy policies: “Let me just add that it is a minefield. In order to do that, and you have to make it transparent, clear, in pedestrian language, just once," said Rep. Anna Eshoo, after Zuckerberg explains how users consent to having their data used by third parties.
  • On its business model: Rep. Bobby Rush (D) asked Zuckerberg what the difference was between the methods of Facebook and J. Edgar Hoover.
    • Eshoo asked Zuckerberg whether the company would change its business model to protect individual privacy. "Congresswoman, I’m not sure what that means," he responded.
  • Data collection: Top House Energy and Commerce Committee Democrat Rep. Frank Pallone asked Zuckerberg if the company would change users' default settings to minimize data collection. The CEO wouldn't commit. "Congressman, this is a complex issue that I think deserves more than a one-word answer," he said.
  • On pro-Trump YouTubers: Several Republican members asked about allegations that Facebook limited the reach of videos from pro-Trump bloggers Diamond and Silk. Facebook has said that was a mistake, and Zuckerberg reiterated that.
  • Conservative censorship: House Whip Steve Scalise brought up the prospect of a broader bias against conservative views at the company. "There is absolutely no directive in any of the changes that we make to have a bias" in Facebook's work, Zuckerberg said.
  • On diversity at Facebook: Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D), who is chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, asked Zuckerberg whether he would commit to adding an African-American member to his senior leadership team. He didn't give a definitive answer: "Congressman, we will certainly work with you. This is an important issue.”

Go deeper: What he didn't say on Tuesday, and a look at his Senate performance.

Go deeper

FTC releases findings on how Big Tech eats little tech

Photo illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios. Photo: An Rong Xu/Washington Post via Getty Images

Federal Trade Commission chair Lina Khan signaled changes are on the way in how the agency scrutinizes acquisitions after revealing the results of a study of a decade's worth of Big Tech company deals that weren't reported to the agency.

Why it matters: Tech's business ecosystem is built on giant companies buying up small startups, but the message from the antitrust agency this week could chill mergers and acquisitions in the sector.

First look: Biden's economic case for green cards

Photo: Win McNamee/Getty Images

The White House Council of Economic Advisors (CEA) is promoting the economic benefits and costs of providing green cards to millions of unauthorized immigrants in a blogpost being released on Friday, according to a draft provided to Axios.

Why it matters: The post comes as the fate of millions of immigrants, including those with Temporary Protected Status or DACA protections, rests with Congress — and the Senate parliamentarian.

Ina Fried, author of Login
50 mins ago - Technology
Column / Signal Boost

Facebook's social balance is in the red

Illustration: Megan Robinson/Axios

Facebook is essential to our lives. Facebook is ruining our lives. Holding both these truths at once will make your head hurt.

While covering the Olympics in Tokyo, I spent a ton of time on Facebook. Each day, during several hourlong bus rides, I would see who was online in Messenger and share photos and stories there with family and friends. I also posted frequently on my news feed.

You’ve caught up. Now what?

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