May 20, 2024 - News

School segregation in Miami rising, following national trend

Choropleth map of U.S. counties showing the estimated level of segregation between Black and white students in K-12 public schools. Schools in counties in the southern U.S., southern California and Northeast tend to be more segregated than counties in the Pacific Northwest and Midwest.
Data: Stanford Education Data Archive; Note: Index ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 implies no segregation (all schools have identical proportions of Black and white students) while 1 implies complete segregation (no Black student attends a school with any white students, and vice versa); Map: Axios Visuals

Racial segregation in schools across the country has increased dramatically over the last three decades, according to two new reports and an Axios review of federal data.

Why it matters: Friday was the 70th anniversary of the landmark Brown v. Board of Education ruling, and American public schools are growing more separate and unequal even though the country is more racially and ethnically diverse than ever.

The big picture: The resegregation of America's public schools coincides with the rise of charter schools and school choice options, in addition to civil rights groups turning away from desegregation battles.

State of play: Analyzing data from U.S. public schools going back to 1967, a Stanford and University of Southern California study found that segregation between white and Black students has increased by 64% since 1988 in the 100 largest districts.

  • Florida is home to four of the largest 10 school districts in the country: Miami-Dade, Broward, Hillsborough and Palm Beach counties.

The state had some of the largest increases in integration after the 1960s, but has had large declines as programs were dissolved since a peak in the early 1980s, according to the UCLA study of federal data.

By the numbers: Across the state, data shows that segregation has risen in the last two decades between Black and white students, increasing from 36% in 1991 to 42% in 2022.

  • Segregation between white and Hispanic students, however, decreased during the same time frame, dipping from 47% to 35%.

Between the lines: Segregation in the data looks at student enrollment, with the number of intensely segregated schools defined as schools that are 90%–100% non-white students.

Zoom in: In Miami-Dade County, the state's largest district and the country's third largest, data shows that segregation between white and Black students increased from 47% in 1991 to 61% in 2022, while it decreased from nearly 30% to just under 20% between white and Hispanic students.

What they're saying: "I'm not surprised by the data at all," Daniella Pierre, president of the Miami-Dade chapter of the NAACP, tells Axios.

  • At play, she argues, is that some Black students are regulated to certain schools or must travel elsewhere to participate in specific programs offered outside of their neighborhood.
  • Another consideration is the housing crisis, she says, which has impacted certain communities more than others.
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