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Sens. Lamar Alexander and Patty Murray are trying to find an ACA compromise, (AP Photo/Alex Brandon, File)

Senate HELP Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander is trying to thread a very thin needle as he searches for a bipartisan bill stabilizing the Affordable Care Act's insurance markets. He's under pressure from all sides, but almost everyone agrees: If anyone is going to figure out how to solve this, it's him.

  • "Lamar is the perfect person to be in the position that he's in," Sen. Jerry Moran told me.

Yes, but: As Sen. Roy Blunt told me, "He's very capable and he's good at trying to find a rational argument on how to get something done. But this is a hard assignment, so we'll see how he and Sen. [Patty] Murray do."

Alexander has tried to carve out a narrow middle ground in a debate that has never really had one. Here's why it's so hard, and where the competing pressures are coming from:

  • The right: Several Republicans, including Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, quickly criticized the prospect of funding the ACA's cost-sharing subsidies as an "Obamacare bailout." Republicans are not going to readily vote to prop up a law they've spent years attacking, unless they get some real concessions. "Trying to get people to think about this outside of just the collapsing failure that many of us see in Obamacare is hard to do. And I think to get very many votes on the Republican side, you'd have to have a bill that arguably creates a lot more flexibility for governors and states," Blunt said.
  • The left: It's easy for Democrats to support funding the cost-sharing subsidies. But Alexander must convince them to get on board with more flexibility to the states — which and that would likely mean softening some of the ACA's insurance regulations, which Democrats don't want to do.
  • The real world: Insurers have proposed double-digit premium hikes; dozens of counties might not have any insurance plans available next year; and many more counties will only have one insurer. If Congress doesn't act, real people will get hurt."I don't think the question is what kind of challenge you face doing it. I think if you do nothing…you have a mad electorate who's mad at us not doing anything. I don't think we have any option," Sen. Johnny Isakson told me.
  • The clock: Insurers must decide by Sept. 27 whether to participate in the exchanges next year. That leaves Alexander very little time to act.

What Alexander says: "If it's balanced, I think I can persuade enough Republicans to support it. This is the kind of proposal where it will have to get a good number of Democrats and a good number of Republicans. It's not like it'll be one-sided."

The strategy: Alexander and Sen. Patty Murray, the top Democrat on HELP, have kept the discussion narrow, and brought in senators outside their committee at the beginning of the process. One of those senators, Sen. Angus King, said Alexander and Murray have handled this difficult task "just the right way."

  • "Lamar's really smart, really smart, he has great people around him, he has a great demeanor about him, and he has a great partner in Patty Murray," Sen. Tom Carper said.

Go deeper

N.Y. Times faces culture clashes as business booms

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

New York Times columnist David Brooks' resignation from a paid gig at a think tank on Saturday is the latest in a flurry of scandals that America's biggest and most successful newspaper company has endured in the past year.

Driving the news: Brooks resigned from the Aspen Institute following a BuzzFeed News investigation that uncovered conflicts of interest between his reporting and money he accepted from corporate donors for a project called "Weave" that he worked on at the nonprofit.

America rebalances its post-Trump news diet

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Nearly halfway through President Biden's first 100 days, data shows that Americans are learning to wean themselves off of news — and especially politics.

Why it matters: The departure of former President Trump's once-ubiquitous presence in the news cycle has reoriented the country's attention.

2021 sees a record number of bills targeting trans youth

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Republicans in at least 25 states have introduced over 60 bills targeting transgender children — a legislative boom since January that has beaten 2020's total number of anti-trans bills.

Why it matters: LGBTQ advocates say the unprecedented push was catalyzed by backlash to Biden's election and the Supreme Court ruling that workers cannot be fired for being gay or transgender.