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Julián Castro on the issues, in under 500 words

Julián Castro speaks from behind a podium at a campaign event
Julián Castro. Photo: Edward A. Ornelas/Getty Images.

Julián Castro, the first Texas Democrat to run for president since 1976, is a former San Antonio mayor and the youngest cabinet secretary in the Obama administration. Castro was among those considered to be Hillary Clinton's vice president in 2016 and, while he didn't ultimately get the spot, he made frequent appearances with Clinton during the election.

Key facts about Julián Castro:

  • Current position: N/a
  • Age: 44
  • Born: San Antonio
  • Undergraduate: Stanford University
  • Date candidacy announced: Jan. 12, 2019
  • Previous roles: Obama's Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Mayor of San Antonio, Member of San Antonio City Council

Julián Castro's stance on key issues:

  • Housing: Castro launched a plan in June to create more affordable housing and end homelessness, an effort to remind voters on his past experiences as HUD secretary.
  • Medicare for All: He supports it, saying at an event with Iowa Democrats that the U.S. should "be the healthiest nation," per the Hill.
  • Education: Castro released a plan that would create a universal pre-K program and create tuition-free public colleges, community colleges and technical and vocational programs. The universal pre-K program is mirrored would be funded by a grant program to state and local governments.
  • Immigration: In a Medium post, Castro outlined his extensive immigration policy, which includes reversing Trump policies such as the Muslim ban, spending on a southern border wall and cuts to refugee programs. Castro proposed a 21st Century Marshall Plan for Central America to focus on stabilizing the countries with the largest number of migrants coming to the U.S.
    • Castro wants an overhaul of the pathway to citizenship for immigrants, especially for DACA recipients.
    • Castro wants to split ICE in half, and keep "national security functions such as human and drug trafficking and anti-terrorism investigations within the Department of Homeland Security."
  • Abortion: "I believe in a woman's right to choose, it is an issue of reproductive freedom and justice," he said at "She the People Presidential Forum" in Houston in April.
  • Law enforcement: Castro has proposed a police reform plan to limit deadly force, end stop-and-frisk and demilitarize police.

Key criticism of Julián Castro:

  • Anonymity: Castro has a lower profile compared to some of the other Democrats who have thrown their names in the ring for president, admitting he isn't a "frontrunner in this race."
  • Progressive backlash: As HUD secretary, Castro faced criticism from a group of progressives — many of whom supported then-2016 candidate Bernie Sanders — over his handling of mortgage sales, Politico reported at the time. The groups launched a website called

1 fun thing about Julián Castro:

  • He is one minute older than his identical twin brother, Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Texas).

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