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Julián Castro. Photo: Edward A. Ornelas/Getty Images.

Editor's Note: Castro dropped out of contention for the Democratic presidential nomination on Jan. 2, 2020. Below is our original article on his candidacy.

Julián Castro, the first Texas Democrat to run for president since 1976, is a former San Antonio mayor and the youngest cabinet secretary in the Obama administration. Castro was among those considered to be Hillary Clinton's vice president in 2016 and, while he didn't get the spot, made frequent appearances with Clinton during the election.

Key facts about Julián Castro:
  • Current position: n/a
  • Age: 44
  • Born: San Antonio
  • Undergraduate: Stanford University
  • Date candidacy announced: Jan. 12, 2019
  • Previous roles: Obama's Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Mayor of San Antonio, member of San Antonio City Council
Julián Castro's stance on key issues:
  • Housing: Launched a plan in June to create more affordable housing and end homelessness.
  • Medicare for All: Supports it. Says the U.S. should "be the healthiest nation," per the Hill.
  • Education: Released a plan that would create a universal pre-K program and create tuition-free public colleges, community colleges, technical and vocational programs. Pre-K would be funded by a grant program to state and local governments.
  • Economic inequality: Proposed an "inherited wealth" tax in August that would "raise the capital gains rate to match the marginal income tax rate for the wealthy." The plan includes giving a $3,000 earned income tax credit to families "per child for every family of modest means."
    • Would raise the capital gains rate to 40% for people who earn $400,000+ a year.
  • Immigration: Would reverse Trump policies such as the Muslim ban, spending on a southern border wall and cuts to refugee programs in his extensive immigration policy.
    • Proposed a 21st Century Marshall Plan for Central America to focus on stabilizing the countries with the largest number of migrants coming to the U.S.
    • Wants to split ICE in half to keep "national security functions such as human and drug trafficking and anti-terrorism investigations within the Department of Homeland Security."
    • Plans to overhaul the pathway to citizenship for immigrants, especially for DACA recipients.
  • Abortion: "I believe in a woman's right to choose, it is an issue of reproductive freedom and justice," he said in April.
  • Law enforcement: Proposed a police reform plan to limit deadly force, end stop-and-frisk and demilitarize police.
  • Indigenous peoples: Wants a White House Council on Indigenous Communities and advisory committees for Cabinet-level agencies.
  • Animal welfare: Would seek to strengthen the Endangered Species Act, which has been weakened by the Trump administration.
  • Climate change: Focuses on environmental racism. To stop extraction of fossil fuels on public lands and end all taxpayer subsidies of fossil fuel production. Achieve net-zero emissions by 2045.
Key criticism:
  • As HUD secretary, Castro faced criticism from a group of progressives — many of whom supported then-2016 candidate Bernie Sanders — over his handling of mortgage sales, Politico reported at the time.
1 fun thing about Julián Castro:
  • He is 1 minute older than his identical twin brother, Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Tex).

Go deeper: Everything you need to know about the other 2020 candidates

Go deeper

58 mins ago - Health

CDC panel recommends Pfizer boosters for high-risk individuals, people 65 and up

Photo: Marco Bello/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

A key panel at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday recommended the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus booster shots for people 65 years old and older, as well as those at high risk of severe COVID-19.

Why it matters: The approval is the near-final step in making the booster shots available to tens of millions of Americans, and comes a day after the FDA approved Pfizer boosters for the two groups. CDC director Rochelle Walensky is expected to accept the recommendation.

DHS temporarily suspends use of horse patrol in Del Rio

U.S. Border Patrol agents watch as Haitian immigrant families cross the Rio Grande from Mexico into Del Rio, Texas on Sept. 23, 2021. Photo: John Moore/Getty Images

The Department of Homeland Security on Thursday temporarily suspended the use of horse patrol in Del Rio, Texas a DHS spokesperson confirmed.

Why it matters: The suspension comes after images showing border patrol agents whipping at and charging their horses at migrants surfaced earlier in the week, prompting widespread criticism of the Biden administration's handling of the crisis at the border.

Southwest drought is worst on record, NOAA finds

In a stark new report, a team of NOAA and independent researchers found the 2020-2021 drought across the Southwest is the worst in the instrumental record, which dates to 1895.

Why it matters: They also concluded that global warming is making it far more severe, primarily by increasing average temperatures, which boosts evaporation.

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