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A member of the Initiative against Anti-Semitism Gelsenkirchen holds a placard reading "fight anti-Semitism - No matter where it comes from - never again" during a vigil in front of the synagogue in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Photo: Ina Fasbender/AFP via Getty Images

The recent escalation in violence between the Israeli military and Hamas in Gaza has had a ripple effect around the world, with reports of several incidents fueled by anti-Semitism and Islamophobia.

Driving the news: Israel and Hamas approved a ceasefire that went into effect at 2 a.m. local time on Friday. But fears remain that agreement is fragile and the conflict will resume. Gaza health officials say at least 232 Palestinians have been killed since the beginning of the crisis, including 65 children. Twelve people have been killed in Israel.

Zoom out: Anti-Semitic, as well as Islamophobic, vandalism and harassment have been reported to law enforcement and shared across social media platforms throughout the U.S. and Europe.

  • In Los Angeles this week, people in a convoy of cars flying Palestinian flags harassed and physically assaulted patrons sitting outside a restaurant. A witness told the Los Angeles Times: "They were chanting, 'Death to Jews' and 'Free Palestine.'"
  • LA police are investigating the attack as a hate crime, in connection with another incident that took place this Monday, when two motorists, also waving Palestinian flags, chased a Jewish pedestrian who was forced to "run for his life," AP reports.
  • The New York Police Department's Hate Crime Task Force is investigating a separate violent incident that took place Thursday involving a Jewish man in Times Square.
  • In Chicago, a window at the Persian Hebrew Congregation was shattered and surveillance caught two people on camera, one carrying a "Freedom for Palestine" sign. Police are investigating the vandalism as a hate crime and searching for the culprits.
  • A neighborhood in London also saw a parade of cars draped with Palestinian flags as passengers shouted anti-Semitic invectives into a megaphone, including a call to rape Jewish women, per the Washington Post. Rocks were thrown at a synagogue in Germany and some at a protest shouted anti-Semitic slurs, the New York Times reported.

Muslim groups, such as national advocacy organization Muslim Public Affairs Council, have condemned the events and emphasized that perpetrators do not represent the Palestinian cause. The groups have also recorded several Islamophobic incidents over the last two weeks.

  • Investigators found anti-Palestinian graffiti — which reportedly said "Death to Palestine" — spray-painted on the front door of an Islamic center in Brooklyn, New York last week.
  • A mosque on Long Island was also found vandalized earlier this week. A sacred flag on the property had been burned, NBC News reports, noting the investigation remains ongoing.

The big picture: Research from the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino, shows that anti-Semitic and Islamophobic sentiments spike when conflicts escalate in the Middle East.

  • In the United Kingdom, the Community Security Trust reported a 500% jump in anti-Semitic incidents since clashes at the al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem. Islamophobic incidents are up 430% since the same date, per Tell Mama, an Islamophobia monitoring group.
  • The Anti-Defamation League, a Jewish civil rights group, submitted a letter to President Biden on Friday expressing "grave concern" about recent anti-Semitic attacks.

What they're saying: Salam Al-Marayati, president of the Muslim Public Affairs Council, a national Muslim American advocacy group, called the recent vandalism and attacks on Jewish and Muslim people "despicable," NBC notes.

  • Al-Marayati said most pro-Palestinian protests have remained peaceful. "You can be better than any violence or hate," he added.
  • New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio wrote on Twitter Friday: "The anti-Semitism were seeing across our country isn’t in isolation and isn’t just a few incidents. It’s part of a horrible and consistent pattern."
  • Rep. Jerrod Nadler (D-N.Y.), the most senior Jewish member in the House, wrote in an opinion for the New York Times on Friday: "We can simultaneously reject the transgressions of Mr. Netanyahu’s government, validate Palestinian suffering and support their right to self-governance, all while opposing efforts meant to challenge Israel’s right to exist."
  • London Mayor Sadiq Khan wrote on Friday: "I continue to remain in close contact with the Jewish community across our city, who are deeply concerned about a rise in anti-Semitism ... We will not allow anti-Semitism, Islamophobia or any racism in London and I'm determined to do everything I can to stamp it out."

Go deeper

May 20, 2021 - World

Biden on Gaza ceasefire: Israelis, Palestinians "equally deserve" safety and security

President Biden commended the newly approved ceasefire between Israel and Hamas during a speech at the White House Thursday, noting Israelis and Palestinians deserve "equal measures of freedom, prosperity and democracy."

Zoom out: Israel and Hamas approved a ceasefire deal on Thursday that is expected to take effect at 2am on Friday (local time), after 11 days of fighting.

Updated May 20, 2021 - World

Israel and Hamas approve ceasefire in Gaza

The aftermath. Photo: Ahmed Zakot/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty

Tel Aviv — President Biden welcomed the imminent ceasefire between Israel and Hamas after eleven days of fighting in a White House statement on Thursday.

The state of play: Israel's Security Cabinet voted earlier Thursday evening to approve the ceasefire, which is set to go into effect at 2am local time (7pm ET). Hamas also backed the ceasefire, but the sides have issued sharply contrasting messages about its terms.

May 21, 2021 - World

Fears of fragile ceasefire in Gaza

On a horse cart loaded with belongings, Palestinians return today to their home in the town of Beit Hanoun, northern Gaza Strip. Photo: Khalil Hamra/AP

The ceasefire has held for 12+ hours, but people in Israel worry that they'll be back to a conflict in several months.

Why it matters: Israel doesn't have a stable government that can make a meaningful change in policy.

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