Rep. Brendan Boyle authored the Ukraine Cybersecurity Cooperation Act. Photo: Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call via Getty Images

The House on Wednesday evening cleared a bill — the Ukraine Cybersecurity Cooperation Act — pushing the State Department to increase cooperation with Ukraine over shared Russian cybersecurity threats.

Why it matters: Ukraine’s efforts to separate its government from Russia have positioned the nation as a primary target of Russian cyber campaigns (and, in Crimea, military actions). The digital threats in Ukraine are also frequently interpreted as a test bed for attacks to be used across the world.

Recent attacks in the Ukraine:

  • Ukraine was an early target of election hacking campaigns, including a botched attack in 2014 where Russian state television broadcast fake election results that hackers tried (and failed) to plant on a Ukrainian election reporting website.
  • In 2015 and 2016, believed Russian attacks briefly shuttered components of the election grid.
  • Russia may also have been involved with two separate malware campaigns that disproportionately struck Ukraine, known as NotPetya and Bad Rabbit.

Resonating across congress: The vote was near unanimous, 404 to 4. On Tuesday, Rep. Will Hurd (R-Texas) addressed the issue at an Atlantic Council conference on Russian attacks in the Ukraine. Hurd was a yes vote on the bill.

  • Hurd, a former undercover CIA operative, said the threat demonstrated in the Ukraine that could carry over to the U.S. surprised him as a member of the House Select Committee on intelligence.
  • “Since I’ve been in Congress I’ve talked more about Ukraine, Moldova and Estonia than any [of the countries I served in],” he said.
  • He praised former the former Soviet countries as far more responsive to potential dangers than the U.S. has been since the 2016 election hacking incidents. “The closer you are to Russia, the less likely you are to believe their nonsense,” he said.

Editor's note: The lede sentence was corrected to show the House cleared the bill on Wednesday, not Thursday.

Go deeper

When and how to vote in all 50 states

Data: RepresentUS; Note: Montana has told counties they can opt into universal vote-by-mail; Map: Naema Ahmed/Axios

Millions of Americans who normally vote in person on election day will turn to early voting or mail-in ballots this fall — but that only works if you understand your state's election rules, deadlines and how to ensure your vote is counted.

Driving the news: Axios is launching an interactive resource, built on research by RepresentUs, a nonpartisan election reform group, to help voters across the country to get the information they need.

The pandemic real estate market

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

It's not just emotional buying, real estate agents say: There are smart and strategic reasons that Americans of all ages, races and incomes are moving away from urban centers.

Why it matters: Bidding wars, frantic plays for a big suburban house with a pool, buying a property sight unseen — they're all part of Americans' calculus that our lives and lifestyles have been permanently changed by coronavirus and that we'll need more space (indoors and out) for the long term.

41 mins ago - Health

Coronavirus cases are falling, but don't get too comfortable

Data: The COVID Tracking Project, state health departments; Map: Andrew Witherspoon, Danielle Alberti, Sara Wise/Axios

America's coronavirus outbreak is slowing down after a summer of explosive growth.

By the numbers: The U.S. is averaging roughly 52,000 new cases per day — still a lot of cases, but about 10.5% fewer than it was averaging last week.