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The calving front of the Pine Island Glacier, seen by a NASA aircraft in 2016. Image: NASA IceBridge.

An iceberg about five times the size of Manhattan has broken off the Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica over the past 24 hours, an ominous sign of the continued retreat of this fast-flowing mass of ice. Like many other marine terminating glaciers in Antarctica, this glacier is retreating over time, and increasing the movement of ice into the sea.

Why it matters: While this iceberg itself is not record-breaking — it ranks as the sixth-largest iceberg to break off the Pine Island Glacier since 2001 — it illustrates the continued instability of marine-terminating glaciers in parts of the icebound continent.

The details: The iceberg had first appeared as a rift across Pine Island Glacier in September, before leading to the calving of about 300 square kilometers, or 116 square miles, of ice. The largest individual iceberg measures about 226 square kilometers in area, or 87 square miles.

A tweet previously embedded here has been deleted or was tweeted from an account that has been suspended or deleted.

Stef Lhermitte, a geoscientist at the Netherlands' Delft University of Technology who closely tracks Antarctic ice, tweeted that the glacier front, where the ice meets the sea, has now receded by about 5 kilometers, or close to a mile inland compared to recent decades.

  • Ice shelves, such as the one at the Pine Island Glacier, act like door stops to the land-based ice behind it. Once they diminish, due to a combination of warming from the ocean below and air temperatures above, it's more likely that inland ice will collapse into the sea, raising global sea levels.

Determining the amount of future ice loss from Antarctica is the biggest source of uncertainty in sea level rise projections, but recent studies have suggested that Antarctic ice melt is likely to be at the higher end of the scale.

  • Recent research published in Nature Climate Change, found that "ice losses from Antarctica have accelerated during the past 25 years," and that 40% of the continent's sea level rise contribution has occurred during just the past 5 years.
  • Antarctica lost 1,883 billion tons of ice between 2007 and 2017, which was significantly higher than scientists estimated in a seminal report published in 2013.

The bottom line: The new iceberg is significant for reflecting trends taking place around Antarctica, which many climate scientists find worrisome.

Go deeper: West Antarctic ice melt poses unique threat to U.S., Antarctica has lost nearly 3 trillion tons of ice since 1992

Go deeper

Scoop: Stephanie Ruhle to replace Brian Williams on MSNBC

Photo: Nathan Congleton/NBCU Photo Bank/NBCUniversal via Getty Images via Getty Images

MSNBC will soon announce plans to move morning anchor Stephanie Ruhle to the 11 pm ET hour that Brian Williams turned into an elite destination, two sources familiar with the move tell Axios.

Details: The 9 am ET hour, currently hosted by Ruhle, will become part of MSNBC's flagship morning show, "Morning Joe," which currently runs from 6 am to 9 am ET.

Oath Keepers leader denied bail on Capitol riot sedition charge

Oath Keepers co-founder Elmer Stewart Rhodes. Photo: Susan Walsh/AP

A federal judge ordered Oath Keepers leader Stewart Rhodes to remain jailed Wednesday until trial on charges stemming from the Capitol riot.

Why it matters: The judge said the most prominent far-right figure charged in the Jan. 6, 2021, insurrection had access to weapons and his alleged "continued advocacy for violence against the federal government" gave credence to prosecutors' view that, if released, Rhodes could endanger others.

Who in Congress is talking about Ukraine the most

Data: Quorum; Chart: Will Chase/Axios

Mentions of Ukraine or Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in congressional statements and social media posts have been on the rise — with nearly 1,000 already this month, according to data from Quorum.

Why it matters: The growing threat of a Russian invasion has been mirrored by a growth in Ukraine-related chatter.