Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The Fed looks to be laying the groundwork to lower U.S. interest rates this year, just as they did in April 2019 before cutting rates in July, September and October.

Why it matters: A Fed rate cut makes taking on debt more attractive for U.S. consumers and businesses, helping to juice the economy, but also puts the central bank in a weaker position to fight off a potential recession.

What's happening: In the minutes of its latest policy meeting, the Fed highlighted its desire for higher inflation, Bob Miller, BlackRock’s head of Americas fundamental fixed income, points out in a note. "The FOMC changed its statement at the January meeting to make that fact clear, and we see that sentiment confirmed in [Wednesday’s] meeting minutes."

  • San Francisco Fed president Mary Daly asserted in a speech last week that “the new economic environment requires that monetary policymakers push inflation up to target.”

Further, "If you look at the uncertainty about concerns surrounding coronavirus and the fact that they added the phrase 'for a time' to describe how long current policy will remain appropriate, those read to me as a signal that a rate cut may be coming," Thomas Simons, money market economist at Jefferies, tells Axios.

What it means: The Fed is refocusing attention away from solid U.S. economic data to fears about coronavirus and underwhelming inflation, much as they did with the U.S.-China trade war and global growth concerns last year.

By the numbers: Following the release of the minutes Wednesday, Fed fund futures prices showed traders saw a 93% chance of at least one rate cut by year-end and a 65% likelihood of two, according to CME Group's FedWatch tool.

  • That's up from an 84% likelihood of a cut the previous day and 60% one month ago.

Yes, but: Gennadiy Goldberg, senior U.S. rates strategist at TD Securities, argues the Fed is simply establishing its new view on inflation. He says assuming a rate cut is coming is a "misreading of the minutes."

Between the lines: Marvin Loh, senior global macro strategist at State Street, also points to the now-inverted U.S. Treasury yield curve, where 3-month Treasury bills hold higher yields (1.58%) than 10-year notes (1.56%).

  • "There are a number of things lining up to bring them back to the rate-cut table," Loh tells Axios.
  • He's expecting a rate cut by this summer.
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Data: FactSet; Chart: Axios Visuals

The Fed has another reason to consider cutting interest rates — the strengthening U.S. dollar.

The big picture: The dollar rose to its highest level in almost three years against a basket of major global currencies on Wednesday.

  • In February, the dollar index has gained a little more than 2%, hitting its highest since April 2017.
  • It has strengthened against both currencies that typically appreciate when risk assets like stocks rise and against those that typically see buying when risk appetite falls.

When the dollar was last near this level, it was a major concern for U.S. multinational companies, highlighted as a primary factor hurting overseas returns.

  • It was also seized upon by President Trump as a reason to criticize the Fed's policy decisions.

What we're hearing: "With the coronavirus, a new tough situation presents itself that could lead to Fed intervention and thus affect the buck in a negative way," Juan Perez, senior FX trader and strategist at Tempus, tells Axios.

  • "But the ongoing contractions elsewhere along with the disease crisis are keeping the resilience of the dollar intact."

Interestingly, there has also been a 70% correlation between Trump's popularity and the U.S. dollar since his election, according to calculations from TD Securities.

Go deeper: Federal Reserve leaves interest rates on hold

Go deeper

Updated 19 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 7 p.m. ET: 32,949,407 — Total deaths: 995,658 — Total recoveries: 22,787,799Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 7 p.m. ET: 7,107,673 — Total deaths: 204,738 — Total recoveries: 2,750,459 — Total tests: 101,298,794Map.
  3. States: 3 states set single-day coronavirus case records last week — New York daily cases top 1,000 for first time since June.
  4. Health: The long-term pain of the mental health pandemicFewer than 10% of Americans have coronavirus antibodies.
  5. Business: Millions start new businesses in time of coronavirus.
  6. Education: Summer college enrollment offers a glimpse of COVID-19's effect.

NYT: Trump paid $750 in federal income taxes in 2016 and 2017

Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

The New York Times has obtained more than two decades' worth of tax-return data from Trump and the companies that make up his business, writing in an explosive report that the documents "tell a story fundamentally different from the one [the president] has sold to the American public."

Why it matters: The Times' bombshell report, published less than seven weeks before the presidential election, lays bare much of the financial information Trump has long sought to keep secret — including allegations that he paid $750 in federal income taxes in 2016 and 2017, and has over $300 million in personal debt obligations coming due in the next four years.

How Trump, Biden plan to score at Tuesday's debate

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

President Trump has been practicing with flashcards and prepping with former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie before Tuesday's presidential debate.

Behind the scenes: Top aides tell Axios he's been testing his attacks on the campaign trail for weeks, seeing what ignites his crowds or falls flat. One of the biggest themes Trump plans to drive home is his "tough guy" persona, which advisers see as an advantage with voters in key states.