Susan Walsh / AP

At the Senate Intel Committee's hearing on Russian interference in the U.S. election, a series of the witnesses offered their perspectives on how the US should retaliate:

  1. "I would caution the response if it's just in cyberspace...the asymmetry...if it's all our tools in the cyberspace and all their tools in cyberspace, Russia wins" — Kevin Mandia, Chief Executive Officer of cybersecurity firm FireEye
  2. "I don't think we want to do a tit for tat on these things" — Ret. General Keith Alexander, former NSA director and CEO of IronNet Cybersecurity
  3. "Certainly not militarily, that would be an escalation that's entirely inappropriate" — Thomas Rid, professor at the Department of War Studies at King's College in London

Why it matters: Even these cyber experts can't agree on what the next steps are for responding to the Russian interference. As Angus King said, "This country has no strategy or doctrine around cyber attacks…If our adversaries don't know we have it, it can't act as a deterrent."

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Updated 2 hours ago - World

Pandemic plunges U.K. into "largest recession on record"

The scene near the Royal Exchange and the Bank of England in the City of London, England. Photo: Tolga Akmen/AFP via Getty Images

The United Kingdom slumped into recession as its gross domestic product GDP shrank 20.4% compared with the first three months of the year, the Office of National Statistics (ONS) confirmed Wednesday.

Why it matters: Per an ONS statement, "It is clear that the U.K. is in the largest recession on record." The U.K. has faired worse than any other major European economy from coronavirus lockdowns, Bloomberg notes. And finance minister Rishi Sunak warns the situation is likely to worsen.

Updated 2 hours ago - Health

World coronavirus updates

Data: The Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins; Map: Axios Visuals

The United Kingdom slumped into recession on Wednesday, as its gross domestic product GDP shrank 20.4% compared with the first three months of the year.

By the numbers: Over 741,400 people have died of the novel coronavirus globally and more than 20.2 million have tested positive, per Johns Hopkins. Almost 12.6 million have recovered from the virus.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 3 a.m. ET: 20,294,091 — Total deaths: 741,420— Total recoveries: 12,591,454Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 3 a.m. ET: 5,141,207 — Total deaths: 164,537 — Total recoveries: 1,714,960 — Total tests: 63,252,257Map.
  3. States: Georgia reports 137 coronavirus deaths, setting new daily record Florida reports another daily record for deaths.
  4. Health care: Trump administration buys 100 million doses of Moderna's coronavirus vaccine.
  5. Business: Moderna reveals it may not hold patent rights for vaccine.
  6. Sports: Big Ten scraps fall football season.
  7. World: Anthony Fauci "seriously" doubts Russia's coronavirus vaccine is safe