Updated Mar 16, 2020 - Economy & Business

Stocks have worst day since 1987

Photo: Johannes Eisele/AFP via Getty Images

The S&P 500 closed 12% lower on Monday, while the Dow fell 13% (or 2,999 points).

Driving the news: The sell-off accelerated during President Trump's afternoon press conference as concerns about the coronavirus outbreak's economic impact continued to grip markets.

Here's how swift and sharp the stock market's decline has been: The S&P 500 hit a record high just over one month ago. The index is now about 29% below that level.

  • The Nasdaq Composite, which dropped 12.3%, had its worst day in its 49-year history on Monday.

The big picture: The worst day for Wall Street in 30 years comes despite the series of aggressive measures announced by the Fed to shield the economy from coronavirus impact.

  • Outside the U.S., market volatility resumed around the globe as the pandemic worsened and governments ramped up efforts to contain the outbreak.
  • Europe's main stock index closed 4.8% lower, after dropping as much as 8%. Stocks in Hong Kong fell more than 4%.

The bottom line: Economists agree the near-halt to economic activity to prevent further spread of the coronavirus will put a big dent in U.S. growth. The question is how bad it will be. President Trump told reporters on Monday the economy "may be" heading into a recession.

  • On Monday morning, a Federal Reserve survey of business conditions in New York saw the biggest month-over-month drop ever and fell to its lowest level since 2009.
  • Manufacturers said they cooled hiring and cut workers' hours amid a sharp decline in new orders.

Go deeper

Coronavirus forces record-low business conditions

Data: New York Federal Reserve; Chart: Axios Visuals

The first piece of concrete data on the U.S. economy since the COVID-19 outbreak started to significantly impact U.S. firms was released Monday and the results were not good.

Driving the news: The New York Fed's Empire State business conditions index fell by a record 34.4 points this month to its lowest level since the financial crisis in 2009, based on surveys conducted March 2–10. Economists had expected a reading in the single digits.

Stocks rebound after Wall Street’s worst day since 1987

Photo: Bryan R. Smith/AFP via Getty Images

Stocks closed up more than 9% on Friday, following the stock market's worst day in 30 years.

Why it matters: Stocks jumped during Trump's coronavirus press conference, ending Wall Street's wild week with its best single-day performance since the financial crisis.

Go deeperArrowUpdated Mar 13, 2020 - Economy & Business

Stocks sink 4% as Dow closes in bear market

Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Stocks fell more than 4% on Wednesday, with the Dow closing in bear market territory — or 20% below the record high hit in February.

Why it matters: The Dow's steep drop ends one major index's record 11-year stretch without a 20% decline, as Wall Street grapples with just how bad the coronavirus will be for the global economy. The S&P 500 is about 30 points away from hitting bear market territory.

Go deeperArrowUpdated Mar 11, 2020 - Economy & Business