Aug 20, 2018

How contact lenses contribute to plastic pollution

A contact lens on a finger in Berlin, Germany. Photo: Thomas Trutschel/Photothek via Getty Images

Billions of contact lenses get flushed down the drain every year in the U.S., and researchers from Arizona State University have discovered it takes more than a week for the lenses to even begin to disintegrate, according to research detailed in Scientific American.

Why it matters: Given that most lenses would not spend much longer than a week in a waste facility, the researchers estimate that as much as 50,000 pounds of lenses end up in sewage and up to about 28,000 pounds of that ends up in the dirt, where it could possibly carry contaminants.

The big picture: Contact lenses are still a relatively small problem, especially when looking at the eight million metric tons of plastic pollution that ends up in the oceans every year, according to SciAm. However, experts are increasingly focused on microplastics as a particularly ubiquitous and harmful part of the global plastics pollution problem.

Be smart: The complicating factor comes with contact lenses' absorption capabilities.

"I would be concerned that there would be more of an impact with these microplastics than with the other materials," Sherri Mason, a professor of chemistry at the State University of New York at Fredonia, told SciAm, "because of their ability to absorb various toxins in the environment, like pesticides and herbicides, and really hyper-concentrate these chemicals and move them into the food chain and up the food chain."

Behind the research: The research was presented at the American Chemical Society’s annual meeting in Boston.

  • Charles Rolsky, the study’s lead author, and other researchers calculated the number of lenses that end up in the sewage system based on the estimated 45 million Americans who wear contacts and the number of lenses sold every year by contact manufacturers.
  • They then tested how long it took for the lenses to begin to disintegrate once placed in wastewater treatment tanks.
  • They also conducted a survey to see the most common ways contact-wearers discard their lenses.

Yes, but...: The research discussed in SciAm has not been published in a peer reviewed journal, and the data it uses comes from U.S. users only. This means that it's possible the contribution of contact lenses to the world's microplastics pollution is significantly larger than suggested by this work alone.

In the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a vast expanse of plastics trapped by ocean currents In the Central Pacific Ocean, microplastics comprise a majority of the plastics pollution, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature.

  • Microplastics account for just 8% of the total mass in the GPGP but 94% of the pieces, the study found.

Go deeper: Plastic straws play only minor role in global plastics pollution

Go deeper

Trump calls to fill up more places with oil

President Trump is calling on the Energy Department to find more places to store oil, in the wake of rock-bottom prices and an ensuing economic collapse of the sector itself.

Driving the news: Trump’s comments came Friday during a televised portion of a meeting he hosted with industry CEOs to discuss ways to help the sector. It’s reeling from a historic drop-off in demand with the world shutting down to slow the spread of the coronavirus.

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 4:30 p.m. ET: 1,083,084 — Total deaths: 58,243 — Total recoveries: 225,422Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 4:30 p.m. ET: 266,671 — Total deaths: 6,921 — Total recoveries: 9,445Map.
  3. 2020 latest: Wisconsin governor calls for last-minute primary election delay.
  4. Oil latest: The amount of gasoline American drivers are consuming dropped to levels not seen in more than 25 years, government data shows.
  5. Business updates: America's small business bailout is off to a bad start.
  6. U.S.S. Theodore Roosevelt: Senators call for independent investigation into firing of Navy captain.
  7. What should I do? Answers about the virus from Axios expertsWhat to know about social distancingQ&A: Minimizing your coronavirus risk.
  8. Other resources: CDC on how to avoid the virus, what to do if you get it.

Subscribe to Mike Allen's Axios AM to follow our coronavirus coverage each morning from your inbox.

America's small business bailout is off to a bad start

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Websites have crashed, phones are jammed and confusion reigns as businesses rushed at today's kickoff to get their chunk of the $350 billion Paycheck Protection Program.

Why it matters: This is a race to save jobs in the present and the future, and to ensure that as many workers as possible keep their benefits and paychecks during the coronavirus lockdown.