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Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios

China has outlined strategies for 2018, 2025 and 2050 all designed to displace the United States as the dominant global economic and national security superpower.

Why it matters: While America dawdles and bickers, China is thinking long-term — and acting now, everywhere. There is no U.S. equivalent of a plan for 2025 or 2050 — or really for next year. 

China is pouring time, money, infrastructure and trade into every continent, after promising to fill the global void created by Trump’s America First. 

  • China also has the authoritarian ability to experiment at scale, steal our tech secrets and mobilize capital that no democracy can match. 

How it's happening:

  • China has tightened ties with Europe and Japan, with Trump in retreat on global trade.
  • China often forces U.S. companies to create joint ventures to do business there. American business do just that, handing half their company to often-state-controlled Chinese partners. 
  • China is spending nearly 9% of GDP on infrastructure — three times what America spends.
  • China has so much capacity to build that it's exporting its materials and labor to other countries to build their infrastructure.
  • China is building the largest global infrastructure project in history, the Belt and Road Initiative, as antiquated U.S. airports, bridges, roads and electricity systems crumble.
  • China is growing 3x as fast as the U.S. economy. At current projections, China's GDP will be larger than America's by 2028, Bloomberg reports.

The numbers don’t lie: China controlled 4% of the global economy in 2000, and the U.S. controlled 31%. Today, China has 15% and we have 24%.

  • With money comes power.
  • But what Republicans and Democrats should be even more concerned about is the long-term ambition of China.
  • You don’t need the CIA, or deep study in Chinese history, to understand the grand design. President Xi Jinping has laid a lot of it out for all to see.

Made in China's 2025: The plan is to dominate all futuristic advanced technologies such as robotics, AI, aviation and space, driverless or new energy vehicles.

  • In other words, to dominate the world by crushing the United States, Germany and all others in most important industries of the future. 
  • China’s 1.3 billion customers are so appealing that U.S. companies will make huge concessions for a chance to sell to them.
  • It's super focused on super-intelligence, the brains of what come next: As Axios reported in March, China is already gaining in the AI race.

China's 2050 plan trumpets the grand ambition of it all, because it puts today and Made in China 2025 in blunt context.

  • Xi wants to transform the communist country into the dominant economic and militarized nation.
  • The big picture: This shows Xi playing a long game U.S. politicians don’t play with a series of small but important moves now to lay the groundwork. 
  • Xi, 64, gave himself the power to be president for life to carry this out. 

Trump’s plan: The president has raised a lot of these issues. But the current obsession with the trade deficit only flicks at the broader and growing problems.

  • Be smart: Trump showed you can turn China into a villain on trade. But a smart politician could turn China into a unifying villain on virtually every topic — a reason to move fast and together on infrastructure, immigration, regulations, space, robotics, 5G and next-gen education. 

Go deeper

Jan 26, 2021 - World

Former Google CEO and others call for U.S.-China tech "bifurcation"

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

A new set of proposals by a group of influential D.C. insiders and tech industry practitioners calling for a degree of "bifurcation" in the U.S. and Chinese tech sectors is circulating in the Biden administration. Axios has obtained a copy.

Why it matters: The idea of "decoupling" certain sectors of the U.S. and Chinese economies felt radical three years ago, when Trump's trade war brought the term into common parlance. But now the strategy has growing bipartisan and even industry support.

Airlines, unions want DOJ to prosecute unruly passengers

Photo: Nicolas Economou/NurPhoto via Getty Images

A coalition of airline industry partners asked the Justice Department on Monday to begin prosecuting disruptive passengers.

Why it matters: Increased political divisions and conflict over pandemic guidelines have led the Federal Aviation Administration to take some form of enforcement action over 400 times in the first five months of 2021, compared to 146 in all of 2019, according to the coalition.

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