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Photo: Kevin Frayer via Getty

President Trump signed an executive order Thursday prohibiting American companies and individuals from owning shares in any of the 31 Chinese companies previously listed as enabling the People’s Liberation Army, effective Jan. 11.

Why it matters: Many of these companies trade on U.S. exchanges and are sometimes purchased by American investors as part of mutual funds. It’s unclear what effect Trump’s latest sanctions could have on the markets.

The state of play: The People’s Liberation Army is a threat to the U.S. and is “increasingly exploiting United States capital” to gain an edge in its military-industrial complex, the order says.

  • The order prohibits direct ownership of shares and investments in market funds that include the Chinese firms.
  • Investors have until November 2021 to divest.
  • Among the blacklisted companies are China Mobile Communications, China Electronics Corporation and China Telecommunications Corp. They join Huawei, Hangzhou Hikvision and more on the Defense Department's list of Chinese military-linked companies.

What they're saying: "It establishes the principle that American capital shall not fund Chinese militarization," Trump's trade advisor Peter Navarro said in a press call. "This practice of basically financing the bonds of companies that are building the missiles to sink our ships is again the worst kind of Wall Street insanity that President Trump is putting a stop to today."

  • The order has support on the Hill. "American money and intellectual property shouldn't do our adversaries' work for them," Nebraska Sen. Ben Sasse, a China critic, said in a statement to Axios.

The other side: A spokesman for Hikvision told Axios, "As we have shown time and again, Hikvision is not a 'Chinese military company.' Hikvision is independently operated and publicly traded ... These punitive actions against the company do not make America, or the world, any safer."

The big picture: The Trump administration has taken aggressive steps to ratchet up pressure on China over the last year, as tensions between the world's two largest economies reach new highs in the face of the coronavirus pandemic, the trade war, China's crackdown on Hong Kong, human rights abuses in Xinjiang and more.

Yes, but: President-elect Joe Biden could undo the executive order and other bans once he is sworn into office.

Go deeper: Trump leaves Biden tough choices for his own China playbook

Go deeper

China to stop recognizing special U.K. passport for Hong Kong residents

A person holds up a British National (Overseas) passport in Hong Kong. Photo: Anthony Wallace/AFP via Getty Images

China will no longer recognize the British National Overseas passport as a valid travel document or proof of identity, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said Friday.

Why it matters: The announcement comes amid heightened tensions with the United Kingdom over its plan to offer potentially millions of Hong Kong residents a path to residency, and eventual citizenship.

Updated 1 hour ago - Sports

Olympics dashboard

Team USA's Simone Biles during the women's team final on day four of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games at Ariake Gymnastics Centre on Tuesday in Japan. Photo: Fred Lee/Getty Images

🤸🏾‍♀️: Simone Biles reacts to "love and support" after withdrawing from all-around gymnastics and team finals, citing her mental health

🏃: U.S. pole vaulter Sam Kendricks withdraws from Games after positive coronavirus test

🏊‍♂️: Caeleb Dressel wins gold in men's 100m freestyle —Bobby Finke wins gold in first men's Olympic 800m freestyle

📷: In photos: Tokyo Olympics day 6 highlights

🗓: The Olympic events to watch today

💵: Olympic athletes see more sponsorship opportunities

🏃‍: Female Olympians push back against double standard in uniforms

Go deeper: Full Axios coverage - Medal tracker

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
2 hours ago - Economy & Business

Giant earnings growth for the world's largest companies

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Never in the history of capitalism have the world's biggest companies grown as fast as the tech giants in recent years.

Why it matters: A series of stunning earnings reports this week — with another one likely to arrive Thursday afternoon, from Amazon — has underscored the astonishing growth among a group of companies that were already some of the most profitable of all time.