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Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

New foreign-agent filings are finally detailing a massive Beijing propaganda operation that's fueled a sixfold increase in disclosed Chinese foreign influence efforts in the United States in recent years.

Why it matters: Propaganda is central to China fulfilling its geopolitical aspirations, and its efforts to sow discord and disinformation in the U.S. have very real consequences for the American business, political and social climates.

  • According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Chinese foreign agent spending has skyrocketed from just over $10 million in 2016 to nearly $64 million last year.
  • Thanks largely to its stable of propaganda operations, China is now the top spender on foreign influence operations in the U.S.
  • American laws designed to force disclosure of paid foreign influence are beginning to reveal the huge sums Beijing has devoted to its effort.

What's happening: State-run Chinese news service Xinhua is the latest to reveal some of the inner workings of its U.S. operations.

  • Xinhua's U.S. arm officially registered as a foreign agent last week, three years after the Justice Department notified the company it was required to do so, as first reported by Foreign Lobby Report.
  • Its initial filing under the Foreign Agents Registration Act is largely generic, describing Xinhua as "an independent legal entity" that's simply "subject to government oversight."
  • In fact, the media organ is owned by the Chinese government, run by senior Communist Party officials and widely seen as a Beijing mouthpiece.
  • Its new FARA filing disclosed $8.6 million in payments since March 2020 from Xinhua's Chinese parent to its U.S. arm, including payments directly to bureaus in Washington, Los Angeles, Houston, San Francisco and Chicago.

The big picture: Xinhua is just the latest state-run Chinese media organ to register.

  • CRP data show Chinese entities spent more on registered foreign agent activities in 2020 than those of any other nation.
  • That was largely driven by FARA registrations by state-run media outlets such as China Daily and CGTN.
  • Together they accounted for more than two-thirds of Chinese FARA spending in 2019 and more than four-fifths in 2020, eclipsing big names such as telecom giant Huawei and surveillance tech firm Hikvision.

Between the lines: Like those of other nations, Chinese state-run media have resisted U.S. Justice Department demands to register under FARA, a law originally created to expose Nazi propaganda in the U.S.

  • Prior to their disclosures, these Chinese media organs operated in the shadows, unencumbered by FARA requirements requiring disclosure about their structures and finances.

Go deeper

Updated 5 mins ago - Politics & Policy

51 people unaccounted for after Miami-area condo collapse

A view of the crumpled portion of the 12-story condo tower on June 24 in Surfside, Florida. Photo: Joe Raedle/Getty Images

A massive search and rescue operation is underway after a portion of a 12-story condo building in Surfside, Florida, collapsed early Thursday morning, according to AP.

The latest: 51 people who were "supposedly residing" in the building at the time of the collapse have not yet been accounted for, Miami-Dade County Commissioner Sally Heyman said on CNN Thursday morning.

Pacific Northwest soon to be ground zero for record-shattering heat

Computer model projection showing the unusually strong heat dome over the Pacific Northwest on Sunday. (PivotalWeather).

A heat wave is bringing unprecedented high temperatures to the Pacific Northwest — a region of the country typically cooled by the ocean, rather than central air conditioning. The heat will begin Friday and last into early next week.

Why it matters: The heat wave will shatter monthly and all-time temperature records in the Pacific Northwest. Some of the records could break the old milestones by several degrees.

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
32 mins ago - Economy & Business

The crypto kings

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

Bitcoin is largely a wash for 2021, but that isn't dimming crypto optimism among venture capitalists or their deep-pocketed limited partners.

Driving the news: Andreessen Horowitz this morning announced that it's raised $2.2 billion for its third crypto-focused fund.