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Today is Equal Pay Day — the day that represents how long into the year women have to work to make as much money as their male counterparts did the year before, according to the National Committee on Pay Equity. We've rounded up the numbers — good news and bad news — along with the defense and critique of the gender wage gap.

Expand chart
Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon / Axios

The good news: The gap is closing.

  • Women earned 81% of what men earned in 2015, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics. According to Pew, they earn 83% — a 19% increase since 1980, .
  • Young women (25 to 34) earned 90% of what men the same age earned in 2015.
  • Women are expected to make up more than half of the work force by 2018, according to BLS.
  • More than 450,000 women were "Chief Executive" in 2016, according to BLS, and there are 9.1 million women-owned businesses in the U.S. which make up more than 7% of all private sector jobs, the American Enterprise Institute reports.

The bad news: There's still a gap.

  • Almost 30% of the closing gender wage gap since 1979 is attributed to a decline in men's wages, the Economic Policy Institute reports.
  • In 2016, women had higher unemployment rates than men at every level of education, except those with an associate's degree.
  • Women make up just 7% of venture capital decision-makers, as Dan Primack reported.
  • Men are the majority in 26 of the 30 highest-paid jobs (like chief executives, computer engineers and architects), while women are the majority in 23 of the 30 lowest-paying jobs (like waitressing and child care work), Bloomberg reports.
  • The higher the wage percentile, the larger the gap. Women in the 95th percentile make an average of $47.11/hour, while men in the same percentile make an average of $59.92/hour — a 26% difference, according to EPI.

Why it matters: There are two strongly opposing sides to the equal pay argument. Pay gap defenders say decisions around parenthood and career aspirations can skew statistics and create "bogus apples-to-oranges" comparisons. Pay gap activists, however, point out that an unfair burden is placed on mothers to care for their family, and that over-representation in lower-paying jobs highlights longstanding gender stereotypes and perpetual discrimination.

Go deeper

Updated 37 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

  1. Health: Most vulnerable Americans aren't getting enough vaccine information — Fauci says Trump administration's lack of facts on COVID "very likely" cost lives.
  2. Education: Schools face an uphill battle to reopen during the pandemic.
  3. Vaccine: Florida requiring proof of residency to get vaccine — CDC extends interval between vaccine doses for exceptional cases.
  4. World: Hong Kong puts tens of thousands on lockdown as cases surge — Pfizer to supply 40 million vaccine doses to lower-income countries — Brazil begins distributing AstraZeneca vaccine.
  5. Sports: 2021 Tokyo Olympics hang in the balance.
  6. 🎧 Podcast: Carbon Health's CEO on unsticking the vaccine bottleneck.

DOJ: Capitol rioter threatened to "assassinate" Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Supporters of former President Trump storm the U.S. Captiol on Jan. 6. Photo: Kent Nishimura / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

A Texas man who has been charged with storming the U.S. Capitol in the deadly Jan. 6 siege posted death threats against Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.), the Department of Justice said.

The big picture: Garret Miller faces five charges in connection to the riot by supporters of former President Trump, including violent entry and disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds and making threats. According to court documents, Miller posted violent threats online the day of the siege, including tweeting “Assassinate AOC.”

Schumer calls for IG probe into alleged plan by Trump, DOJ lawyer to oust acting AG

Jeffrey Clark speaks next to Deputy US Attorney General Jeffrey Rosen at a news conference in October. Photo: Yuri Gripas/AFP via Getty Images.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) on Saturday called for the Justice Department inspector general to investigate an alleged plan by former President Trump and a DOJ lawyer to remove the acting attorney general and replace him with someone more willing to investigate unfounded claims of election fraud.

Driving the news: The New York Times first reported Friday that the lawyer, Jeffrey Clark, allegedly devised "ways to cast doubt on the election results and to bolster Mr. Trump’s continuing legal battles and the pressure on Georgia politicians. Because Mr. [Jeffrey] Rosen had refused the president’s entreaties to carry out those plans, Mr. Trump was about to decide whether to fire Mr. Rosen and replace him with Mr. Clark."

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