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On Friday, September 10, Axios health care reporter Caitlin Owens and health care editor Tina Reed hosted a virtual conversation on what strategies are working to get Americans vaccinated, featuring former FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb and Walgreens Chief Medical Officer Dr. Kevin Ban.

Dr. Scott Gottlieb spoke about reducing vaccine hesitancy, an increase of COVID-19 cases in conjunction with the return to school, and how to ensure the effective distribution of booster shots when the time comes.

  • On why reducing hesitancy is more difficult in the later stages of vaccine rollout: “We’re at that point right now where every vaccine is harder to administer, because you’re probably trying to entice a consumer who is more reluctant to take the vaccine or finds it less accessible for a variety of reasons.”
  • On the recent rise in cases in younger populations returning to school: “Studies have looked at what are the most effective interventions—keeping kids in defined social pods within the school so you’re not having the entire grade commingling...and also implementing routine testing of asymptomatic children, ideally twice a week.”

Dr. Kevin Ban explained Walgreens’ decision to mandate vaccination for some employees, what has been working to increase vaccination, and the potential hurdles of administering booster shots.

  • On Walgreens’ thought process behind implementing an employee vaccine mandate: “Collectively as a group, we have followed the science since the beginning of this epidemic. And along with the effectiveness of these vaccines, we’ve noted the safety. And so collectively, as a leadership team, we thought that the right thing to do here was to, in fact, mandate vaccines.”
  • On the effectiveness of local outreach in vaccination efforts: “Meeting people where they are and listening to them and trying to understand what is it that’s preventing you, and then addressing that, is powerful. It’s hard to do across the country, but you can do it locally.”

In a final Why It Matters segment, Axios' Caitlin Owens and Tina Reed echoed similar curiosities about the impending rollout of booster shots, and raised the question of how the process may mirror or differ from that of the initial vaccine distribution.

Tune in next month for October's Vitals Check-Up.

Go deeper

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Omicron dashboard

Illustration: Brendan Lynch/Axios

  1. Health: The end of the Omicron wave is in sight — Transplants rebound from COVID lull — Omicron hits American hospitals disproportionately hard
  2. Vaccines: WHO: No evidence that healthy children, teens need boosters — Kids' COVID vaccination rates are particularly low in rural America — Starbucks drops worker vaccine or test requirement after SCOTUS ruling
  3. Politics: Biden concedes U.S. should have done more testing — Arizona says it "will not be intimidated" by Biden on anti-mask school policies— Government website for free COVID tests launches early
  4. World: WHO: COVID health emergency could end this year — Greece imposes vaccine mandate for people 60 and older
  5. Variant tracker

Ohio experiencing COVID déjà vu

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

This year is wrapping up much like the one before it did: with a spike of COVID cases and hospitalizations.

What to do about Omicron over the holidays

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

As we prepare to gather this holiday season, public health care experts say even the boosted will still need to be careful, thanks to Omicron.

The big picture: Health care systems are already overwhelmed, and a stunningly transmissible new COVID-19 variant that can produce breakthrough infections among vaccinated people is leading to fears of record cases, hospitalizations and deaths, Axios' Tina Reed writes.