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A memorial across the street from the Chabad of Poway Synagogue, April 28. Photo: Sandy Huffaker/AFP/Getty Images

Jewish Americans experienced "near-historic levels of anti-Semitism" in 2018, the Anti-Defamation League said as it issued a report Tuesday showing assaults doubled and the single deadliest attack in the U.S. was recorded against the community.

Details: The ADL's annual Audit of Anti-Semitic incidents "identified 59 people who were victims of anti-Semitic assaults in 2018, up from 21 in 2017." The international Jewish nongovernmental organization said in a statement that 2018 was "marked by the white supremacist shooting spree at a Pittsburgh synagogue, which claimed 11 lives, and punctuated by a dramatic surge in white supremacist propaganda activity nationwide."

We unfortunately saw this trend continue into 2019 with the tragic shooting at the Chabad synagogue in Poway.
— Jonathan Greenblatt, ADL CEO and national director

By the numbers: The report recorded a total of 1,879 attacks against Jewish people and institutions in the U.S. in 2018 — the third-highest year on record since the ADL began tracking such data in the 1970s. Overall attacks that include vandalism and harassment were near record-high levels.

"While the overall number of incidents represents a 5 percent decline from 1,986 incidents reported in 2017, the number of incidents last year remained at near-historic levels — 48 percent higher than the total for 2016 and 99 percent higher than in 2015."

Go deeper

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
53 mins ago - Economy & Business

Trump blocks banks from limiting loans to gun and oil companies

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Big banks are no longer allowed to reject business loan applicants because of the industry in which they operate, according to a new rule finalized on Thursday by the Trump administration.

Why it matters: Wall Street has curtailed its exposure to industries like guns, oil and private prisons, driven by both public and shareholder pressures. This new rule could reverse that trend.

Former FDA commissioner: "Reliable drug supply is absolutely critical"

Axios' Caitlin Owens and former FDA commissioner Mark McClellan. Photo courtesy of Axios Events

Having a reliable supply of pharmaceutical drugs throughout America will be "absolutely critical" to boosting affordability in health care during the Biden administration, former Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commissioner Mark McClellan said at a virtual Axios Event on Friday.

The big picture: McClellan, who served under President George W. Bush, says drugs having limited supply and limited competition leads to elevated pricing. He considers drug supply to be a national security and public health issue.

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
4 hours ago - Economy & Business

Americans are still spending money

Source: Census Bureau; Chart: Axios Visuals

Americans spent more money at stores and restaurants in 2020 than they did in 2019 — even in the face of a devastating global pandemic that shut down broad sectors of the economy.

Why it matters: The monthly retail sales report this morning came in well below expectations, and showed consumer spending falling on a seasonally-adjusted basis. Total expenditures were still higher in December 2020 than they were a year previously, however.