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Expand chart
Data: Axios Research; Map: Sara Wise/Axios

An abortion ban in Texas successfully went into effect, making the procedure illegal when cardiac activity is detected, usually as soon as six weeks and well before many people know they are pregnant.

The big picture: Over a dozen states have tried to enact laws similar to the near-total abortion ban in Texas, but they have mostly been blocked or struck down by federal or state judges. Now, with this current precedent, some of these states could try again.

  • North Dakota, Iowa, Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia all attempted to implement restrictive bans that were declared unconstitutional.
  • Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, South Carolina and Ohio passed laws that were temporarily blocked.

Other states, like Idaho and Louisiana, have what are commonly known as "trigger laws," meaning that their abortion restrictions could become effective if other similar legislations are passed.

  • Idaho's bill barring abortion past six weeks contains a clause that says the law will go into effect if any U.S. appellate court upholds an abortion restriction based on the cardiac activity of the fetus.
  • In Louisiana, their bill banning abortion once cardiac activity is detected would have gone into effect if a similar bill in Mississippi, which was struck down by the Supreme Court, would have gone into effect.
  • Some states also have trigger laws that would go into effect if Roe v. Wade gets overturned.

The latest: The Supreme Court late Wednesday allowed the Texas ban to continue in a 5-4 vote, rejecting an emergency application by abortion-rights groups to block the restrictive law.

Yes, but: The five conservative justices said in their unsigned opinion that the decision should not be read as an indication of whether the justices believe the law is unconstitutional or not.

  • A lower court was originally scheduled to hear arguments about the ban on Monday, but the court's supervising appellate court, the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals, canceled the hearing without explanation, per The 19th.

What's happening: The Texas law — which makes the procedure illegal when cardiac activity is detected (around six weeks) — is unique because it deputizes private citizens to enforce the law.

  • It offers them at least $10,000 if they successfully sue someone for "aiding and abetting" an abortion after six weeks.
  • The legislation is difficult to legally challenge because "[t]he Constitution, including Roe v. Wade, only applies against the government, it doesn’t apply against private individuals," Laurence Tribe, a constitutional law expert at Harvard, told TIME.
  • Of note: Chief Justice Roberts said the law was "not only unusual, but unprecedented," adding that he would have temporarily blocked the law to allow for lower courts to debate whether Texas "can avoid responsibility for its laws in such a manner."

Between the lines: Oklahoma is the only other state that this year passed a similar bill to Texas'. Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) in April signed into law a bill that criminalizes abortions around six weeks, it is set to go into effect on Nov. 1.

  • The law, House Bill 2441, says that anyone who conducts an abortion in violation "shall be guilty of homicide."

What to watch: Lawmakers in Florida have already said they will be considering similar restrictive bills, which are also known as "heartbeat bills."

  • Texas Right to Life, an anti-abortion rights group that helped write the legislation, is working with anti-abortion rights activists in other states who want to replicate the ban, NPR reports.
  • John Seago, legislative director for Texas Right to Life, told TIME that Texas' law was "an alternative to that typical path that pro-life laws go down."

Go deeper

Congressional mapmakers receive "F" grade in five states

Expand chart
Data: Princeton Gerrymandering Project with RepresentUs; Chart: Baidi Wang/Axios

Partisan legislators across the country have been busy manipulating district lines to bolster their party's chances of controlling the House next year, according to analysis of maps by the Princeton Gerrymandering Project and RepresentUs.

By the numbers: Nineteen states have now finished the redistricting process, and Georgia, New Mexico and Virginia are awaiting only a final signature on their plans. The Redistricting Report Card project has released grades for seven of these 22 maps. Five received an F.

Scoop: Stephanie Ruhle to replace Brian Williams on MSNBC

Photo: Nathan Congleton/NBCU Photo Bank/NBCUniversal via Getty Images via Getty Images

MSNBC will soon announce plans to move morning anchor Stephanie Ruhle to the 11 pm ET hour that Brian Williams turned into an elite destination, two sources familiar with the move tell Axios.

Details: The 9 am ET hour, currently hosted by Ruhle, will become part of MSNBC's flagship morning show, "Morning Joe," which currently runs from 6 am to 9 am ET.

Oath Keepers leader denied bail on Capitol riot sedition charge

Oath Keepers co-founder Elmer Stewart Rhodes. Photo: Susan Walsh/AP

A federal judge ordered Oath Keepers leader Stewart Rhodes to remain jailed Wednesday until trial on charges stemming from the Capitol riot.

Why it matters: The judge said the most prominent far-right figure charged in the Jan. 6, 2021, insurrection had access to weapons and his alleged "continued advocacy for violence against the federal government" gave credence to prosecutors' view that, if released, Rhodes could endanger others.