Illustration: Aida Amer/Axios

The National Venture Capital Association (NVCA) submitted a long list of comments on Thursday to CFIUS — the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, an interagency group housed within Treasury — regarding a year-old law that added more stringent rules for foreign investments in U.S. firms.

What's happening: The Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act — or FIRRMA — is meant to protect strategic American tech like artificial intelligence.

  • The NVCA's letter addressed 11 areas of the law that the lobby thinks need more clarity or tweaking, lest it become unnecessarily difficult for VCs to operate (particularly in cases that weren't intended to fall under the law).
  • These areas include things like: determining whether a VC firm is based in the U.S. (tricky if it has overseas offices!), determining who is a "foreign person" (so many have partners working in said overseas offices!), defining "material nonpublic information" so that it doesn’t include basic reporting to a company board, and limiting CFIUS' reach to truly U.S.-based companies.

What they're saying: "NVCA has been at the table during FIRRMA's consideration because it stands to have a significant impact on the venture and startup ecosystem," Bobby Franklin, head of the NVCA, wrote on TechCrunch at the time of the law's passage.

  • "Few in the startup world have dealt with CFIUS, but those who have understand its power and implications. It's the opaque government entity that blew up the Broadcom-Qualcomm transaction for national security reasons and has been called the 'ultimate regulatory bazooka.'"

Between the lines: The comments made also it clear that the lack of clarity could lead to companies and investors submitting more deals for review out of caution, and that can lead to a big problem: too much work, not enough resources, and ultimately a really slow process. No startup trying to run as fast as possible wants that.

  • Read the full letter here.

Go deeper

2 hours ago - Health

Ex-FDA head: U.S. will "definitely" see 200,000 to 300,000 virus deaths in 2020

Former FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb said on CBS News' "Face the Nation" that the coronavirus death toll in the U.S. will be "definitely" somewhere between 200,000 and 300,000 by the end of 2020.

Why it matters: "Whether we're closer to 200,000 or closer to 300,000 depends on what we do now and how it evolves," Gottlieb warned on Sunday as the U.S. surpassed five million confirmed coronavirus cases.

Mnuchin says Trump executive orders were cleared by Justice Department

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin insisted on "Fox News Sunday" that President Trump's executive orders on coronavirus aid were cleared by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel, and said that Democrats are going to "have a lot of explaining to do" if they choose to challenge them in court.

Why it matters: Democrats and even some Republicans have criticized Trump's decision to circumvent Congress to extend unemployment benefits as executive overreach, given that the Constitution gives Congress power to appropriate spending.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 11 a.m. ET: 19,680,042 — Total deaths: 727,777 — Total recoveries — 11,962,565Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 11 a.m. ET: 5,002,523 — Total deaths: 162,455 — Total recoveries: 1,643,118 — Total tests: 61,080,587Map.
  3. Politics: Nancy Pelosi says states don't have the funds to comply with Trump's executive order on employment — Trump adviser Larry Kudlow says he regrets suggesting the benefits could only be extended by Congress.
  4. Public health: Fauci says chances are "not great" that COVID-19 vaccine will be 98% effective — Poll: 1 in 3 Americans would decline COVID-19 vaccine.
  5. Schools: Nine test positive at Georgia school where photo showing packed hallway went viral — How back-to-school is playing out in the South as coronavirus rages on — Princeton, Johns Hopkins, Howard to hold fall classes online.