Republicans see Medicaid as welfare. Most Americans don't - Axios
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Republicans see Medicaid as welfare. Most Americans don't

Republicans want to roll back the Medicaid expansion, cap federal Medicaid spending increases, and add work requirements, drug testing, time limits, copays and premiums to some state Medicaid programs. But almost no one else wants to do these things. One poll finding goes a long way toward explaining why: Republicans view Medicaid as a form of welfare, and pretty much everyone else views it as a government insurance program.


Data: Kaiser Family Foundation Health Tracking Poll, May 16-22, 2017; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon / Axios

Why it matters: Welfare remains unpopular in our country; it's always popular to limit or cut "welfare". Whether it should be, and what this says about us, is a different question.

What the poll found: As the chart shows, Democrats (73%) and independents (62%) view Medicaid as an insurance program similar to others that help people pay for health care. But a slight majority of Republicans (52%), see it as more similar to welfare programs like food stamps.

Between the lines: One reason Medicaid limits are no slam dunk for Republicans in the Senate may be that not all Republicans view it as welfare: 46% see it as insurance, just as most Democrats and Independents do. Republicans who are more moderate are worried about the practical effects on citizens and states of rolling back the expansion or cutting federal Medicaid spending. One assumes they wouldn't worry as much unless they viewed Medicaid as valuable health insurance coverage.

Perceptions of Medicaid as welfare don't seem bothered much by facts, such as, for example, that two thirds of Medicaid spending goes for the low income elderly and disabled who don't fit the Ronald Reagan era image of the welfare king or queen. But it's not the majority view in any case. A little less than a third of voters identify as Republicans today, and about half of them see Medicaid as welfare.

It's this group and their perceptions of the program, and elected officials who share their views, that seem to be driving debate about Medicaid today.

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Sen. Corker won't seek re-election

J. Scott Applewhite / AP

Republican Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee won't run for re-election next year, according to the Tennessean newspaper. Corker says he wants to act "thoughtfully and independently" for the rest of his term without worrying about running for re-election.

Why it matters: Corker is chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and was a reliably GOP establishment vote. According to the Tennessean, Corker had "agonized" about running again in the face of a possible challenge from more conservative Republican opponents.

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More STD cases recorded in 2016 than ever before

The bacteria which causes Chlamydia, the most prevalent STD in 2016. Photo: CDC via AP

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recorded over 2 million cases of STDs in 2016, the highest-ever number. The most prevalent disease, with 1.6 million cases, was chlamydia, followed by gonorrhea, with 470,000 cases.

Why it matters: The number of reported cases is on the rise. There were 4.7% more cases of chlamydia in 2016 than 2015, and an 18.5% increase in gonorrhea during that time period. Cases of syphilis, which are much less prevalent than chlamydia or gonorrhea, saw a 17.6% bump from 2015 to 2016.

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Women in Saudi Arabia will soon be able to drive legally

Saudi Arabia announced Tuesday that it will lift its ban on female drivers. Photo: Hasan Jamal / AP

Saudi Arabia announced Tuesday that it will lift its ban on female drivers in June 2018, per the New York Times. The move is a victory for women's rights groups who have long campaigned for the ban to be overturned, and marks the end of what has long been known around the world as a symbol of the oppression of women in Saudi Arabia.

Between the lines: Despite the advancement, the country still has a ways to go in helping society adjust to the change. As the NYT points out, the kingdom has no processes in place to teach women how to drive or to obtain drivers licenses. Police will also need to be trained to interact with women, something that men and women in their Saudi society rarely do.

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Sen. Blumenthal "99% sure" Manafort and Flynn will be charged

Senate Judiciary Committee member Sen. Richard Blumenthal D-Conn. talks to media. Photo: Carolyn Kaster/AP

Sen. Richard Blumenthal told Politico on Tuesday that he's "99 percent sure there will be some criminal charges" from the Russia investigation, and that Michael Flynn and Paul Manafort "are the most prominent" people for whom charges are near-certain.

Blumenthal, a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said there could be others charged, but he's unsure whether they might include President Trump himself. Roger Stone said today after a closed-door appearance before the House Intelligence Committee that Manafort's lawyers believe he will be indicted soon.

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Study: Autism is rooted mostly in genetics

People commemorating World Autism Awareness Day (April 2) in Brazil. Photo: Felipe Dana / AP

The risk of developing autism is 83% genetic and 17% due to environmental factors, according to a new model, TIME reports. Scientists studied sibling pairs — ranging from half siblings who share one biological parent to identical twins who share 100% of their DNA — and tracked diagnoses of autism among them, per the study. They also accounted for the fact that siblings may be diagnosed at different times.

Why it matters: The new model adds perspective to the debate over whether the disorder is rooted in genetics or environmental factors. Previous studies of just twins have found a 90% correlation between developing autism and genetics.

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McConnell: Graham-Cassidy is dead, moving on to tax reform

Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said the Graham-Cassidy bill is dead, and the Senate's focus is now on tax reform. Photo: Ron Sachs / MediaPunch via IPx

Senate GOP leaders announced Tuesday that they will not hold a vote on the Graham-Cassidy health bill before the Saturday deadline, with Sen. Bill Cassidy conceding, "we don't have the votes." Mitch McConnell said the Senate will now focus its energy on "our next priority," tax reform, and added that they will return to health care once that's dealt with.

Go Deeper: What the Dems are saying

Next steps: McConnell said the Senate Budget committee will mark up the FY18 budget next week, which will set up the tax overhaul process.

Key quotes from the Senate GOP's briefing:

Mitch McConnell:

  • "We haven't given up on changing the American health care system. We're [just] not going to be able to do that this week."

Lindsey Graham:

  • "With a process that gives more attention and time, we will repeal and replace Obamacare with a block grant to pass Graham-Cassidy-Heller-Johnson... It's a matter of if, not when."
  • "The leadership team has done everything we've asked them... anyone out there who thinks Mitch has not done all he could, I don't know what you're talking about."

Bill Cassidy:

  • "We don't have the votes. We made the decision that because we don't have the votes, we will postpone the vote."
John Cornyn:
  • "I think we ought to leave the health care debate for a different track." Added that he wants the FY2018 budget reconciliation instructions to focus on taxes, not health care.
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Senate Dems say it's time for bipartisan Affordable Care Act fix

Chuck Schumer takes questions from reporters at the Capitol. Photo: Alex Brandon / AP

Following news that the Graham-Cassidy health care plan would not receive a vote, Senate Democrats said that they were ready to move forward with the GOP to better the Affordable Care Act. At the Democrats' weekly press conference, Chuck Schumer said, "We are ready at this moment to roll up our sleeves and work in a bipartisan way to stabilize this system and make improvements."

One more thing: Schumer said that he'd spoken with Puerto Rico's governor and pushed back on President Trump's comments that recovery efforts in Puerto Rico were going well, saying, "I'm not blaming. I'm beseeching for quick action…It is not going fine. Absolutely not. They need help now."

Go Deeper: What the Republicans are saying

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Alabama Republicans go to the polls

Roy Moore (L) and Luther Strange (R) arrive to vote. Photo: Eric Schultz / AP

When most senate candidates arrive to vote, they don't have to tie up their horses first. Luther Strange, the Trump-nominated incumbent, arrived on foot, while Roy Moore, the Bannon-backed front-runner, was on horseback.

Polls close at 7pm local time (8pm Eastern) in the Republican runoff for senate.

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Facebook to stream NFL recaps, highlights

C_osett/flickr

Facebook and the NFL have finally struck a deal to stream game recaps and highlights, per Reuters. Some NFL documentaries will be included in the deal.

Why it matters: The move comes as both companies start to invest heavily in streaming video. Facebook launched its video platform "Watch" for video viewing across devices, especially on digital TV. New England Patriots owner Robert Kraft said in June, "There has been a dramatic shift … This year we're with Amazon and for us the future is OTT [streaming services.}"

Rounding it up: Discussions about streaming have been ongoing between the NFL and Facebook. The NFL has been aggressive about striking distribution partnerships with social platforms and Facebook has been aggressive about striking sports partnerships with leagues. Earlier this year, Facebook lost a bid to stream Thursday night NFL games to Amazon — which won the contract for $50 million dollars for the season. Twitter announced in May it will stream exclusive NFL content. Facebook landed professional baseball and soccer distribution deal earlier this year.

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Apple, Fitbit and Samsung part of FDA trial aimed at speeding tech development

AP file photo

Some of the biggest names in tech and health care are taking part in a pilot program from the FDA that looks to make it easier for companies looking to offer technology approaches to issues that fall under the agency's purview.

Why it matters: A lot of tech companies have been focusing on relatively modest products in the "wellness" space rather than more ambitious efforts that require cumbersome and time-consuming regulatory approval.

"We need to modernize our regulatory framework so that it matches the kind of innovation we're being asked to evaluate, and helps foster beneficial technology while ensuring that consumers have access to high-quality, safe and effective digital health devices," FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said in a statement. "These pilot participants will help the agency shape a better and more agile approach toward digital health technology that focuses on the software developer rather than an individual product."

Who's in: Apple, Fitbit, Verily (the health unit of Google parent Alphabet), Samsung, Roche, Johnson & Johnson, Pear Therapeutics, Tidepool and Phosphorus.

How it works: The program looks to those with a proven process in place to make it easier for the companies to more quickly create new products and update existing ones.