Photo: Turkish Armed Forces/Handout/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Journalists reported hearing artillery in the Kurdish-held Syrian border town of Ras al-Ayn into Friday afternoon, one day after a ceasefire agreement was brokered, AP and the New York Times report.

Where it stands: Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces say Turkey is violating the ceasefire, and wants a safe route established to evacuate those wounded, reports Bloomberg. The Kurdish forces also "demand the U.S. side to abide by it and also pressure the Turkish side to open the corridor."

  • But by Friday evening local time, clashes reportedly quieted, and President Trump said that Turkish President Erdoğan told him "minor sniper and mortar fire ... was quickly eliminated."

What's next: The Wall Street Journal and AP report that there are no signs of Kurdish forces leaving a 20-mile buffer or "safe zone" in northern Syria that was allotted to Turkey in its cease-fire agreement with the U.S.

  • Erdoğan has maintained that its military operation into Syria will resume in 4 days unless Kurdish fighters vacate the zone.
  • The New York Times reported Friday that Kurdish forces began pulling out of the zone, citing U.S. and Turkish officials.

What they're saying: “A buffer zone is acceptable to the Kurds but a military occupation that displaces hundreds of thousands is not a safe zone. It is ethnic cleansing," GOP Sen. Lindsey Graham said on Friday, after a phone call with General Mazloum Abdi of the Syrian Democratic Forces.

The impact: "At least 436 combatants and civilians have been killed since the beginning of the Turkish operation" as of Friday, the Wall Street Journal reports, citing the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Go deeper: Pence announces Turkey has agreed to temporary ceasefire in Syria

Go deeper

Erica Pandey, author of @Work
27 mins ago - Economy & Business

The dangerous instability of school re-openings

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

Schools across the country have flip-flopped between in-person and remote learning — and that instability is taking a toll on students' ability to learn and their mental health.

The big picture: While companies were able to set long timelines for their return, schools — under immense political and social strain — had to rush to figure out how to reopen. The cobbled-together approach has hurt students, parents and teachers alike.

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
38 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Trump doesn't have a second-term economic plan

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

President Trump has not laid out an economic agenda for his second term, despite the election being just eight days away.

Why it matters: This is unprecedented in modern presidential campaigns, and makes it harder for undecided voters to make an informed choice.

Amy Harder, author of Generate
1 hour ago - Energy & Environment
Column / Harder Line

How Trump’s energy endgame could go

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Expect President Trump to redouble his efforts loosening regulations and questioning climate-change science should he win reelection next month.

Driving the news: A second Trump administration would supercharge efforts by certain states, countries and companies to address global warming. But some wildcards could have a greener tinge.