Oct 31, 2017

Report: Impact of climate change on humans "potentially irreversible"

Tourists refresh at a fountain in front of Rome's Pantheon during a heat wave that swept Europe this year. Photo: Gregorio Borgia / AP

Climate change is hurting people's health more than previously thought, a team of 63 doctors, scientists, and public health officials wrote in a report published Monday in the medical journal Lancet. "The human symptoms of climate change are unequivocal and potentially irreversible" the team warns, in the first of what is expected to be an annual report based on 40 indicators.

The upshot: The increasing waves of heat-related illnesses, mosquito-borne diseases and air pollution problems can be lessened if the world derives its energy needs from renewable sources instead of fossil fuels like coal and boosts its funding to make health systems more climate resistant.

What's happening: The scientists found that climate change already is having an impact worldwide on health, labor productivity, food scarcity, the spread of infectious disease, and exposure to air pollution and heatwaves. Between 2000-2016, there was a 46% increase in the number of weather-related disasters.

Some metrics, per the study and its accompanying press release:

  • Cases of mosquito-borne dengue fever have doubled every decade since 1990, partly since mosquitos thrive better in warmer weather. AP reports that there's similarly an increase in tick-borne Lyme disease in the U.S., as ticks also fare better with warmer weather.
  • Vulnerable adults, such as those over 65 or with chronic disease, are facing a greater number of heat waves. Between 2000 and last year, the number of adults facing debilitating heat waves rose by 125 million.
  • Global exposure to dangerous levels of air pollution has increased by 11.2% since 1990. 71% of 2,971 cities exceed the recommended levels of air pollutants.
  • Increasing temperatures have led to about 5.3% in loss of labor productivity. Economic losses linked to climate-related extreme weather events were estimated at US$129 billion in 2016.
  • Only 40% of the countries reported having taken measures to increase the climate resilience of their health infrastructure to plan for emergencies from severe storms and flooding. Medical care can be damaged from compromised electricity and water supplies, interrupted supply chains, disabled trans­portation links, and disrupted communications and IT networks.

Be smart: Global temperatures have increased 0.75 degrees Fahrenheit since 2000, but local changes can vary widely from that seemingly incremental change, The Washington Post points out.

One warning quote: The WashPost writes that Nick Watts, executive director of Lancet Countdown, says: "If anybody says we can adapt our way out of this, the answer is, of course you can't."

Go deeper

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 4 p.m. ET: 5,463,392 — Total deaths: 344,503 — Total recoveries — 2,195,325Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 4 p.m. ET: 1,653,904 — Total deaths: 97,948 — Total recoveries: 366,736 — Total tested: 14,163,915Map.
  3. World: Italy reports lowest number of new cases since February — Ireland reports no new coronavirus deaths on Monday for the first time since March 21 — WHO suspends trial of hydroxychloroquine over safety concerns.
  4. 2020: Trump threatens to move Republican convention from North Carolina — Joe Biden makes first public appearance in two months.
  5. Public health: Officials are urging Americans to wear masks over Memorial Day.
  6. Economy: New York stock exchange to reopen its floor on Tuesday — White House economic adviser Kevin Hassett says it's possible the unemployment rate could still be in double digits by November's election — Charities refocus their efforts to fill gaps left by government.
  7. What should I do? Hydroxychloroquine questions answeredTraveling, asthma, dishes, disinfectants and being contagiousMasks, lending books and self-isolatingExercise, laundry, what counts as soap — Pets, moving and personal healthAnswers about the virus from Axios expertsWhat to know about social distancingHow to minimize your risk.
  8. Other resources: CDC on how to avoid the virus, what to do if you get it, the right mask to wear.

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Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Italy reports lowest number of new coronavirus cases since February

Italy’s aerobatic team Frecce Tricolori fly over Milan in Duomo Square on May 25. Photo: Francesco Prandoni/Getty Images

The Italian government reported 300 new cases of coronavirus on Monday, the lowest daily increase since Feb. 29.

Why it matters: Italy, the first country in Europe to implement a nationwide lockdown after emerging as a hotspot in March, appears to have finally weathered its coronavirus outbreak. Italy has reported nearly 33,000 total deaths, the third-highest total behind the U.S. and U.K.

Joe Biden makes first public appearance in over two months

Photo: Oliver Douliery/AFP via Getty Images

Former Vice President Joe Biden made his first in-person appearance in over two months on Monday to honor Memorial Day by laying a wreath at a Delaware veterans park, AP reports.

Why it matters: Biden, the Democratic Party's presumptive nominee, has taken the unprecedented step of campaigning from his home during the coronavirus pandemic, ever since canceling a rally in Cleveland on March 10.