Photo: In Pictures Ltd./Corbis via Getty Images

Black students, boys and students with disabilities are a minority in K-12 schools across the U.S., but are disciplined more than anyone else, according to a new Government Accountability Office study. The study found that the disproportionate discipline often starts in pre-school, where black students as young as three or four years old are being suspended or expelled from school. It also found that discipline rates were the same across poverty levels.

Why it matters: The study reveals that race, gender and disability are key factors in student discipline, even if they aren't consciously being considered. And family income levels nor the age of a student changes that.

Methodology: The GAO examined data on public schools in the 2013-14 school year from the Civil Rights Data Collection. They interviewed federal and state officials from schools in California, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Dakota and Texas based on disparities in their data.

By the numbers:

  • Black students made up 15.5% of the population in the schools studied, but represented 39% of students being suspended.
  • Students with disabilities account for nearly 25% of students referred to law enforcement for discipline despite being 12% of all public school students.
  • In schools with poverty levels between 0 and 25%, black students are still overrepresented in suspensions out of school by 12.2%.
  • Boys were overrepresented by 27% among students who receive corporal punishment as discipline.

Go deeper: Read the full study here.

Note: the final bullet has been corrected to say that boys are overrepresented by 27%, not that they represent 27% of students receiving corporal punishment

Go deeper

Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 1:30 p.m. ET: 11,679,808 — Total deaths: 539,764 — Total recoveries — 6,348,785Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 1:30 p.m. ET: 2,953,423 — Total deaths: 130,546 — Total recoveries: 924,148 — Total tested: 36,032,329Map.
  3. States: Arizona reports record 117 deaths in 24 hours.
  4. Public health: Trump administration invests $2 billion for drug treatments.
  5. Business: Breaking down the PPP disclosure debacle
  6. World: Brazil's President Bolsonaro tests positive— India reports third-highest case count in the world.

Mary Trump book: How she leaked Trump financials to NYT

Simon & Schuster

In her new memoir, President Trump's niece reveals how she leaked hordes of confidential Trump family financial documents to the New York Times in an effort to expose her uncle, whom she portrays as a dangerous sociopath.

Why it matters: Trump was furious when he found out recently that Mary Trump, a trained psychologist, would be publishing a tell-all memoir. And Trump's younger brother, Robert, tried and failed to block the publication of "Too Much and Never Enough: How My Family Created the World's Most Dangerous Man."

3 hours ago - World

Brazil's Bolsonaro tests positive for coronavirus

Photo: Andre Borges/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro announced Tuesday that he tested positive for coronavirus.

Why it matters: Brazil's coronavirus outbreak is one of the largest in the world, topped only by the U.S., and Bolsonaro has long downplayed the effects of the virus, pushing businesses to reopen over the last few months in order to jumpstart the country's economy.