A G8 summit in 2008. Merkel is the only participant still in office. Photo: Koichi Kamoshida / AFP / Getty Images

It took five months and a good deal of hand-wringing, but Angela Merkel has secured a coalition and will form her fourth government — putting her on course to lead Germany until 2021. 

The other side of the coin: Merkel's longevity is an outlier. As news of her coalition agreement broke, Italians were heading to the polls, yet again. In the 12 years Merkel has been chancellor, Italy has had six prime ministers — one of them twice (Berlusconi).

Here's a closer look at Merkel's remarkable longevity:

  • During Merkel's tenure, the other 18 G20 countries (not including the E.U.) have had a combined 66 heads of government.
  • The only current G20 leader who comes close to matching her is Vladimir Putin, who gave up the presidency for four years during her tenure but was never really out of power.
  • Merkel has overlapped with three U.S. presidents, and during the period her Christian Democrats have controlled the Bundestag both the House and Senate have flipped from the Republicans to the Democrats and back again.
The global perspective

Here's a look at how many times power has changed hands in the rest of the G20 during Merkel's 12 years in office.


  • China: Hu, Xi
  • India: Singh, Modi
  • Indonesia: Yudhoyono, Widodo
  • Saudi Arabia: Abdullah, Salman


  • USA: Bush, Obama, Trump
  • Russia: Putin, Medvedev, Putin
  • Canada: Martin, Harper, Trudeau
  • Turkey: Erdogan, Davutoglu, Yildirim
  • Mexico: Fox, Calderon, Peña Nieto
  • Brazil: Lula, Rousseff, Temer
  • Argentina: Kirchner, Fernandez de Kirchner, Macri

Three times:

  • U.K.: Blair, Brown, Cameron, May
  • France: Chirac, Sarkozy, Hollande, Macron
  • South Africa: Mbeki, Motlanthe, Zuma, Ramaphosa
  • South Korea: Roh, Lee, Park, Moon

More than four:

  • Australia: Howard, Rudd, Gillard, Rudd, Abbott, Turnbull
  • Italy: Berlusconi, Prodi, Berlusconi, Monti, Letta, Renzi, Gentiloni
  • Japan: Koizumi, Abe, Fukuda, Aso, Hatoyama, Kan, Noda, Abe

Go deeper

Updated 17 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 3 p.m. ET: 12,794,395 — Total deaths: 566,210 — Total recoveries — 7,033,187Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 2 p.m. ET: 3,278,946 — Total deaths: 135,066 — Total recoveries: 995,576 — Total tested: 39,553,395Map.
  3. States: Florida smashes single-day record for new coronavirus cases with over 15,000 — Miami-Dade mayor says "it won't be long" until county's hospitals reach capacity.
  4. Public health: Ex-FDA chief projects "apex" of South's coronavirus curve in 2-3 weeks — Coronavirus testing czar: Lockdowns in hotspots "should be on the table"
  5. Education: Betsy DeVos says schools that don't reopen shouldn't get federal funds — Pelosi accuses Trump of "messing with the health of our children."
4 hours ago - Health

Florida smashes single-day record for new coronavirus cases

Data: Covid Tracking Project; Chart: Axios Visuals

Florida reported 15,299 confirmed coronavirus cases on Sunday — a new single-day record for any state, according to its health department.

The big picture: The figure shatters both Florida's previous record of 11,458 new cases and the single-state record of 11,694 set by California last week, according to AP. It also surpasses New York's daily peak of 11,571 new cases in April, and comes just a day after Disney World reopened in Orlando.

Pelosi: Trump is "messing with the health of our children" with push to open schools

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said on CNN's "State of the Union" Sunday that Education Secretary Betsy DeVos' aggressive push to fully reopen schools this fall is "malfeasance and dereliction of duty," accusing the Trump administration of "messing with the health of our children."

Why it matters: Trump has demanded that schools reopen as part of his efforts to juice the economy by allowing parents to return to work, despite caution from health officials that little is known about how the virus impacts children.