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Media outside the home of suspected shooter Ian David Long. Photo: Apu Gomes/AFP/Getty Images

The man that shot and killed 12 people at a bar in Thousand Oaks, California, on Wednesday allegedly sexually assaulted his high school track and field coach when he was a student, BuzzFeed News reports, and his mother "lived in fear" of what he may do, according to CNN.

Why it matters: These details echo a disturbing pattern found from other recent shooters, who also had histories of violence against women.

Fortune detailed five key statistics last year that illustrated the close relationship between mass shootings and domestic violence in the U.S.:

  • In more than half of mass shootings, the shooter killed a partner or relative.
  • Around 4.5 million women say they've been threatened by an intimate partner with a gun.
  • 45% of women who are murdered are killed by intimate partners.
  • The fifth leading cause of death for women between 18 and 44 years old in the U.S. is murder.
  • Women in the U.S. are 16 times more likely to be killed by gun violence than in other developed countries.
Recent examples
  • The California bar shooter: Per BuzzFeed, he groped her and put his arms around her after she refused to give him a lost cellphone. She said "[t]here was anger there he obviously had. I don't know if it was because I was a female — I don't know. ... He was probably the only athlete I had that actually scared me."
  • The Parkland shooter was "abusive" to his ex-girlfriend, per BuzzFeed, and got into a fight with another teenager after sending multiple death threats when she started dating after him.
  • The Texas church shooter was convicted of domestic violence against his wife and child. According to the New York Times, he "beat his wife" and "cracked his toddler stepson's skull."
  • The Las Vegas shooter "berated" his girlfriend in public.
  • The Congressional baseball practice shooter has a history of domestic violence, the Guardian reported, including physically assaulting his foster daughter and her friends.
  • The Pulse nightclub shooter beat his wife "often," and threatened her with more abuse per the NYT; his first wife apparently left him because he beat her.

Editor's note: This story was corrected to show that murder is the fifth leading cause of death of U.S. women between the ages of 18 and 44 (not women of all ages). This note was inadvertently not added when the correction was made on Nov. 10 and we apologize for that additional misstep.

Go deeper

Former Defense Secretary Esper sues Pentagon over book

Former President Trump and former Defense Secretary Mark Esper at the White House in 2020. Photo: Mandel Ngan/AFP via Getty Images

Former Defense Secretary Mark Esper filed a lawsuit Sunday against the Defense Department, accusing the Pentagon of "censoring" his First Amendment rights by redacting parts of his upcoming book on the Trump administration.

The big picture: Esper, who served as defense secretary from July 2019 until he was fired by then-President Trump in November last year, alleges in the suit that "significant text" is "being improperly withheld from publication" of the manuscript "under the guise of classification."

WHO warns against travel bans on southern African countries

Matshidiso Moeti, World Health Organization regional director for Africa. Photo: Sylvain Gaboury/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images

The World Health Organization called on countries Sunday to not impose travel bans on southern African nations amid concerns over the new COVID-19 Omicron variant.

Why it matters: The U.S. and countries in Europe and the Asia-Pacific announced travel restrictions in response to Omicron, which was first detected in South Africa. It's since spread to several European countries, Canada, Israel, Australia and Hong Kong. The WHO noted in a statement that only two southern African nations have detected the new variant.

Updated 5 hours ago - Health

First North American Omicron cases identified in Canada

COVID-19 testing personnel at Toronto Pearson International Airport in September. Photo: Steve Russell/Toronto Star via Getty Images

The first two cases of the new Omicron variant have been detected in North America, the Canadian government announced Sunday evening.

Driving the news: The World Health Organization has named Omicron a "variant of concern," but cautioned earlier on Sunday that it is not yet clear whether it's more transmissible than other strains of COVID-19.