Jul 5, 2017

Infant mortality is still higher among African American babies

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The U.S. has made progress in reducing its infant mortality rate, according to the CDC. But a new report in JAMA says that despite this progress, there is still a major gap between the death rates of non-Hispanic black infants and non-Hispanic white infants.

Why it matters: If infant mortality rates in African Americans were as low as white Americans, there would be 4,000 less infant deaths.

The numbers:

  • From 2005-2012, infant death rates for black Americans decreased from 14.3 out of 1,000 to 11.6 out of 1,000.
  • But from 2012-2015, numbers stalled and then began increasing from 11.6 to 11.7.
  • During the same time period, white infant deaths decreased from 5.7 to 4.8 per 1,000.
  • It is unclear why black infant death rates have started increasing, and why there is a disparity. However, black babies were more likely to be preterm — the top cause of death for black infants was low birthweight.

The study used data from 2005-2015 from the U.S. National Vital Statistics System. They looked at deaths in the first year of life, and sorted the data by year, race, and cause of death.

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Infant dies after testing positive for coronavirus in Chicago

Hospital staff working inside a COVID-19 screening tent in Chicago on March 26. Photo: Jim Vondruska/NurPhoto via Getty Images

An infant less than one year old died in Chicago, Illinois after testing positive for the novel coronavirus, the state health department said on Saturday.

Why it matters: The death would mark the first reported infant mortality from COVID-19 in the U.S. The fatality rate for the novel coronavirus in the U.S. is highest among those over 85 years old, per the CDC.

Trump weighs quarantine of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut

Data: The Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins; Map: Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

President Trump said on Saturday he is considering a "short term" quarantine of New York, New Jersey and parts of Connecticut — states that have already taken steps to quarantine residents and promote social distancing.

The big picture: With 112,000 people infected, the U.S. has the most COVID-19 cases in the world, exceeding China and Italy, per data from Johns Hopkins. A second wave of American cities, including Boston, Detroit, New Orleans and Philadelphia, are reporting influxes of cases.

Go deeperArrowUpdated 2 hours ago - Health