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Power lines downed by Hurricane Ida are seen in Houma, Louisiana, on Aug. 30. Photo: Nick Wagner/Xinhua via Getty Images

The restoration of Gulf Coast power services and petroleum facilities won't be quick, easy or clean.

Driving the news: Almost 988,000 homes and businesses are without power in Louisiana, per tracking service PowerOutage.US — a slight improvement from the storm's immediate aftermath.

  • On the petro front, Argus Media notes that "the stage is set for many slow, grinding weeks of refinery repairs and restarts," with at least three sustaining damage.

What we're watching: "Damage assessments are underway at some refineries, but operations cannot restart until power and other essential third-party utilities are restored," the Energy Department said in its latest storm update.

  • Per S&P Global Platts, about 75% of Louisiana's refining capacity was offline as of yesterday.
  • The Interior Department reports that almost all Gulf of Mexico crude oil and gas production remained shut-in.

Yes, but: "The refinery and offshore platform shut-ins are not anticipated to cause any immediate supply issues," DOE said.

  • Platts notes that offshore crude oil and gas output could return to "more normal levels" by the weekend or early next week, though damage to Port Fourchon, a major hub, is another wrinkle.

At the retail fuels level, GasBuddy's Patrick De Haan reports that significant numbers of gasoline stations lack fuel in Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

Threat level: The Financial Times reports of Shell's damaged Norco refinery: "Black smoke billowed from the refinery’s gas flares, which the company said in a Facebook post could be expected until power was restored."

Meanwhile, the National Weather Service has issued a heat advisory for Wednesday in New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Houma, Louisiana, to Gulfport, Mississippi, as residents swelter without power to run air conditioning.

Data: EIA; Chart: Axios Visuals

The big picture: The Gulf of Mexico's share of overall U.S. oil production has declined significantly since 2005's deadly Hurricane Katrina thrashed the region.

  • That's among the reasons Hurricane Ida, while pushing fuel prices up somewhat, isn't causing anything near the kind of surge that occurred 16 years ago.
  • The chart above shows how U.S. production soared over the last decade thanks to the onshore shale boom, so the Gulf's share of the total pie is smaller.
  • Yes, but: U.S. refining capacity is still heavily concentrated in the region, so storms can still wreak havoc on the wider fuel system.

Go deeper

Biden administration outlines "ambitious" plans for coastal wind farms

The Block Island Wind Farm off the coast of Block Island, R.I. Photo: David L. Ryan/The Boston Globe via Getty Images

The Biden administration plans to identify and lease federal waters along seven coastal areas to offshore wind power developers over the next few years, Interior Secretary Deb Haaland announced Wednesday.

Why it matters: The new plan constitutes an aggressive push by the federal government to reach its goal of 30 gigawatts of offshore wind-generating capacity in U.S. waters by 2030.

Coast Guard estimates California oil spill at nearly 25,000 gallons

Clean-up crews look for oil washing up near the pier in Huntington Beach, California, on Monday, as visitors returned to the beach. Photo: Paul Bersebach/MediaNews Group/Orange County Register via Getty Image

The Coast Guard estimates that nearly 25,000 gallons of crude oil were spilled in an offshore pipeline leak in Southern California, AP reports.

Why it matters: The estimate is on the lower end of what officials initially feared when the state's Justice Department began investigating the massive oil spill off Orange County's Huntington Beach coastline. Officials originally thought the leak to be at least 25,000 gallons and no more than 132,000 gallons.

California wildfire swells, triggering more evacuations, power shutoffs

A firefighter battles the Alisal Fire on Oct. 12. Photo: Luis Sinco/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

More than 1,300 California firefighters are working to contain the wind-driven blaze that triggered new evacuation orders and far-reaching power shut-offs, officials said.

The big picture: The Alisal Fire, which ignited near the Alisal Reservoir on Monday, now spans more than 15,000 acres and is only 5% contained, according to Inciweb, an inter-agency incident information site.