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Photo illustration Greg Ruben / Axios

Establishment Democrats have been surprised by the longevity and ferocity of grassroots opposition to President Trump, which has been amplified in wave on wave since the women's marches that followed the inauguration. From the spontaneous airport rallies after his immigration order to the sustained opposition to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, the left is growing stronger rather than retreating after the historic setback on Election Day.

Consider:

  • Cabinet-pick opposition didn't unfold as expected: Centrist Democrats were genuinely surprised by the intensity of the backlash against Trump's nominee for Education Secretary, Betsy DeVos. It happened organically. Democratic strategists like Anne Caprara of Priorities USA and Matt Bennett of Third Way guessed opposition would zero in on more obvious targets: Tom Price and ObamaCare, Steve Mnuchin and his Wall Street ties, Rex Tillerson because of Exxon and Russia ties, or Jeff Sessions on civil rights. That the hottest rage focused on DeVos taught Dem leaders in D.C. that they need to follow the organic resistance rather than try to over-engineer it themselves.
  • Thousands of people are suddenly engaged in a mass civics lesson. More than 100,000 people tuned into the livestream of the circuit court hearing on Trump's immigration order.
  • Social media is getting more ferocious. When DeVos stumbled in her Senate questioning went viral immediately. When Mitch McConnell shut down Elizabeth Warren's floor speech against Sessions she became an instant internet meme.
  • Supreme Court resistance is a direct response to the base. Nancy Pelosi laughed when we asked her if she was worried about political backlash due to Democratic obstructionism on Neil Gorsuch's nomination. Democrats saw what happened when Republicans obstructed Obama's pick, Merrick Garland: Nothing. Republicans now control all three houses, and Democrat leaders see only upside in picking fights they know they'll lose.

What's next: After eight years of Obama, Democrats are learning how to be in the opposition. And they've now got powerful new tools, lessons from the Tea Party movement, and authentic national rage to be tapped. "As the Tea Party learned in 2010, you need a call to action that's singular," said Matt Bennett, co-founder of the Third Way. "You can't go to town hall and say I demand the following 10 things..but if you go and say I demand you oppose Obamacare, it works." Bennett said the party is unified against Trump, and he believes they need to take him on, one fight at a time.

The risks: Folks we spoke to like Bennett are more worried about the protest energy dissipating than they are about the disfiguring effects these energies might have on the party. The reality, though, is that red state Dems up for re-election in 2018 have reasons to be nervous as some Republican incumbents didn't survive the chaos unleashed by the Tea Party.

Go deeper

Coronavirus hospitalizations top 100,000 for the first time

Expand chart
Data: The COVID Tracking ProjectHarvard Global Health Institute; Cartogram: Danielle Alberti and Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

More than 100,000 Americans are now in the hospital with coronavirus infections — a new record, an indication that the pandemic is continuing to get worse and a reminder that the virus is still very dangerous.

Why it matters: Hospitalizations are a way to measure severe illnesses — and severe illnesses are on the rise across the U.S. In some areas, health systems and health care workers are already overwhelmed, and outbreaks are only getting worse.

Dion Rabouin, author of Markets
17 mins ago - Economy & Business

Our make-believe economy

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

The Federal Reserve and global central banks are remaking the world's economy in an effort to save it, but have created something of a monster.

Why it matters: The Fed-driven economy relies on the creation of trillions of dollars — literally out of thin air — that are used to purchase bonds and push money into a pandemic-ravaged economy that has long been dependent on free cash and is only growing more addicted.

New hope for "smart cities"

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

It's time to polish our gleaming vision of urban environments where internet technology makes everything from finding a parking space to measuring air quality a snap.

Why it matters: The Biden administration's Cabinet appointees are likely to be champions of bold futurism in urban planning — which could mean that smart infrastructure projects, like broadband deployment and digital city services, get fresh funding and momentum.