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Homosexuality still criminalized in much of the world

Criminal statutes banning homosexuality are on the books in 74 countries, eight of which include the death penalty, according to the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA).

Data: ILGA sexual orientation legal dataset; Note: Data as of Sept. 2018. India and Australia's 2018 changes in law are reflected in map; Map: Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

The latest: Gay rights activists in India recently won a major victory when the country's Supreme Court overturned a colonial-era law that made gay sex a crime. 42 countries, most of them in Europe or the Americas, have legalized gay marriage or civil unions.